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  (1871-1949)ϴˣĩҽѧҡڶг°ѱѧˣʶͬϡʱͶҽжӣϵľжԴͳҽ۵伮Ͱմﵽһʶ͸٣ɲԼIJΡ󣬸죬Լɴ֮عҽѧУνֵ̡ɶĴҽѧԺν̡ѧ̫͢ҽԺ͢ҽʦӶ˻Ķزеҽ伮ҽѧһǧλԺɽɽƸ̫ԭҽѧУѧĴʹڽҽѧۺҽ˲жȹսڼ䣬һȻϡʡĴ֧֣ȺˣҽѧߡľڴڣԼһоĵúޱؽ̸ѧΪʡҽѧķչע˺ܴѪ
в̨ҽٴ̨ٴʮ꡷¼Ϊȷпɲ֮洴ҽԲ˶жʽ ҡ۾糩ͨ򵥾ƢθζתǿƽθIJִ롣 ص㣺1У2ơھ壬ÿһܼڶھУ3ҽԲ˶ΪݣÿһΪ4ԶΪϣϺǿఴĦ˶Эอܣ5ڼǿЧǷ 
ѧ߷÷˵"ϰ֤֮ϸ֮ʻʾΪҽŴߣΪš"Ƕڽҽѧʷϵøһǡֵۡǰģҽѧҹҽѧ粻ɶõıƸ
Щҽѧࣺ
һҽѧ۵IJ֡Сƪýִѧ۲͡׾еĺͼͼʾڲĻ̽ͬϵԭۡҪȡͳҽ䡶ھȴִΨ˼ۣ̽ڻȻ仯Ӱ졣͸¶ִ̽ѧ봫ͳҽ֮ϵ˼ά·  
Դͳҽҽ֡ŷƪܽƴı׼ʱͷĴƪ˴ͳġͷеĴ󣻡ҽƪϵͳ˹ŴҽʦҽעӢҽΪףͨ׼ض˽͡΢֣Դ֮Ч
Դͳҽ伮IJͽ֡˺ԭĶƪ˺ƪ͡ѷƪһԹյķʽҪҽʾ硣зע⾫ʡסʵΪҽָһ׼ȷա˺ۡ͡ѡ龫Ч; 
ģԴͳҽƾͻƷ֣ܽ²ƪʱƪƪӲηƪƪ̥ƪ͡ҩƪϸ˸ּ֢״͸;ϵͳԵ۹ɸ֢ϷƷеֽ۴ྭҽʵļ顣ʷϼ˵"֮βҲҽԾЧ飬ʵǺϡ"ֿɹĿѧʵȷᴩһΪҽѧе߻ 
ڴҽʵҽѧ̽У׼ȷذյйͳҽѧľ--һֶ֢ҩ֤ʩεĸԭһֺۣ΢ֵϵͳ˼άһ׷ԴʵǵĿѧ
޿ܹ̾̽ȡ˳ɾ͵ĻôֻһԴԶҽѧͳڵҽѧķḻԴۺϣ׼أگʱҽѧʹذӡȷҽѧҽѧͲҽѧijɹܺڱҽ֮Уγ˴ŨϢĶҽѧͳڵغҽѧӰµͣ"ҽڴѸٷչڴҽѧȡλ"Ժ󣬰ҽѧһֱںҽѧ໥͸໥ڡ໥ƶ״̬֮СԪʱڣ"ҽ"Ĺ"ʯ"ܺѩۿרΪ׵ҽһӿֳص䡷鷽顷ѵҽԡ͡ǧ𷽡ΪĴҽ顣ͳѬսȾһɰٴ˴󣢵ĵ·Ϊʷܳҽѧң
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ȫҪ
 
 һӽտѧʱѧҽ鼮һҪֻҽԭеĹЧҪҽԭеĹЧҪѧϰɹѧ̡ѧߵȤѧɹӹЧѧ̣ѧɹʹѧ߳ʶҽѧľ
¾ҽѧԭһ֮㣬ӡݳ֮ѧ鼲ƣɭ޷˶ʷ˶ߣϸ֮˶֮䶯Ҳơҽѧ棬ͬһԲ˶֮ѧҲԹҽ飬δǴһƣֻǶǵ˵޳׵˵ԭϵͳʹѧ߼ճɹ֮ɵá˲ʶҽѧľ޲ڲ֮СеãٲֲӣνҽѧԹδǹۡ
ҽΪ棬ͬһԲ˶֮ѧ鱾ԭҽԭʣԭϵͳ֤ݵĿѧ֮һҽʣ˶ԭͬģ˶ķȴͬҽ˶ɷģԲģǻģġҽʣҽѧı࣬ڻޣΩЧܱ棬ҽı
ġʮ̫ԭƽɶҽѧ̱Ͼҽرоࡢҽѧرо̱ǰʮ꣬¾ͬѧǧˣһ»ϲΪȷʹʶҽѧ࣬ӹЧѧ֮ʮΣԭϵͳѧͬѧ֮룬Բ˶Ĺҽѧ


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²ƪСƪһҽС֢֪һͬһԲ˶壬ǿǰѧϰȤ 
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ƪƪΪѧҽʱض֮
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ʮĽԲ˶ͼ˵

ѧҽʶʮʵȻʶʣʶȻʶʶʮĽ̫䵽ȽԲ˶
УУﶬУСͼΪ棬Ϊ£ΪϡͼԲϷƲ֮ʣͼģΪһĻĴԲ˶ġԹ۲άһڵص淶Χͼĵ֣һߡ 
	ߣʱ̫䵽ȣҲߣеȳ֮ˮҲߣˮеҲߣϵʱ̫䵽ȣͬڵ֮Ҳߣ֮λҲ
Ϊ֮㣬Ϊ֮㣬Ϊ֮㣬Ϊ֮㡣
ǰȶ࣬١µƽҲǰȶ࣬١µƽҲ
ߣオµȣҲߣϵȣҲ򽵣ѣԲ˶Ȼ֮Ҳ 
ֲᆳҶ䣬ֲ½Ҳֲ³ҲֲҲĶïֲϸҲȵĽֲ֮ˡ
˵ֲȵĽ˵ȵĽ˵ȵĽͼߣΪ֮ʣΪ֮䡣϶硣
Ա֮֮֮ܳҲȽΪ֮ʼȲΪ֮¸ƪġ		
 
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ʱ̫ϣѹ֮䣬ѹ֮½ҲյĽʼԣʱ컯֮һ֮ʱʱ֮Ҳ֮䣬ָ֮ԡƪѧ֤ 

Բ˶ͼ 
 ͼ˼˶ֹͣʱ֮ͼ˶ԲںϣֻкͣСһʧкͣDzˡ˵棬˵Բ˶ĴģΪŴҲ棬Ի档
	ˮȫ̫䵽̫䵽Ļȣ֮Ȼ˻ȣ뾭ʱ£ʱµˮУȻʱܲأܲˮҲϸ³ʶʱˮϷڵ֮ϣڵ֮£ʱˮһ֮ʱˮʱ֮ʱҲ棬±ϸ֮Ϊϣ³֮Ϊ
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һĴĸオʴľ𣬶ˮ˶һܣΪһꡣ֮䣬ΪԲ˶֮УΪĽϣˮľԲ˶֮ҲУ˶Ҳҽж֮ԴҲдﶬж		
 
 ʣľйͨˮз˻á 
ɶԻˮľɴԻľ𡣳֮Իɳ֮Ի𡣶Իˮ֮Ϊġ 
ãйãԻľͨãԻ˽𡣷ͨãԻˮ˻˻ãƷãԻˮй˻ãԻľ˻ߣ˶ҲͨߣͨɢҲˮߣˮҲ 
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 һԲ˶ľĻգˮأաءԲ˶֮ɹҲߣ硢ȡʪ˶Բƫ֮иһΩжԻУУ½オˮУɴϣΪ𡣶½ԻУʵСʵԻ
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˼ͼһԻʵȻ֮¡Ա֮ҲԱ֮Ҳľˮ𣬷άͬййڵ֮ʣάԶ
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֮ӵλ棬ľ֮Ҳʱȣ֮ʳľ֮ˮʱ½ɵϣٴĴ֮λʳƾ𡣴ʱ¶ȣֳȻ

֮ʱʢĺҹ֮֮ˮСȻ֮ʱˮУΪ֮ӳʵΪ֮ʢضȲ࣬ʳȽˮУת½壬೼ְ֮ʳ𡣴˻𲻽Ѭֳ
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е˶Բϳһľ𽵣ľ磬𲻲ˮ𽵣𲻲ȣˮУʪ˶Բָ򲡷硢ȡʪߣҲ֮Ҳ֮ʱľ֮ʱ֮ʱ˲֮֮ʱ֮ʱ֮ʱ˲ˮ½ˮУΪ֮ʼߣ֮½Ҳ

˱жอ 
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ĻССѪͨáͨãл 
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ˮ׸ǣзصáзصãˮ 
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νֺ֮ࡢͷΡȡ桢йࡢȲֶ̫񺮡衢ơ޺Ȳߣľй̫ߣͨҲ
Ļ֮ͨѪԣ롢ڵѪȲ̫ͨʹʹķȲͨߣľ֮顣̫ͨߣ飬Ҳ
ˮ֮زԽͷΡȡ׵Ȳزߣ֮˥ľй̫Ҳˮ޷̫֮ˮܷأҲ 
Ƣ֮˻ָͣʳ¡к֫١ȫ뵡Ȳʵ˻Ҳ 
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Բ˶Уںϲܷġ֮˶Բ÷룬ں¡ϸԾˣԸࡣ
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ֶߣҲߣҲʵڵʣ˶һķijиãɸͬɹͬ𣬴Բ˶ĺͼ컯֮Ҳ 
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÷ 
 ľйˮܱһľй֮ˣ컯ľйľΪľľΪľľйľйʷȡľйʷȲ񺮡ʧͣͷʹʹйĶ࣬ʷ󡣻й飬ǻԡ뵡Ҳ
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 ֤֤÷֤ͬССߣľ飬һйҲƶڶľƽй潵Һ̶ľУȡʷ֮ذ飬ӵǮ͡˷ƽ²緢֮Լ񺮡Ǹд֮йָд֮棬ʼӱԿ֮ҲɼɸҹĪ
÷԰ڡԺ⡣²֤ļЧ²ʵΪ˳Ϊ档÷֤С㳤Ϊ÷áӱ֤СߣӰ׷ǮʪΩڵأ٣ףľˣľ㣬÷ƶľ֮ƷֻáȻС²
ھԻ²ľ֮йҲй֮顣飬ľйգԹˮľøزѾԻ²֪֮ξ֮ҲɼҲԭϵ췹ڶ̶췹ϴɳ֮춹ܳʪ˽Һʸûƶ췹óСд󶾡ƶľҺ潵²Ҫҩ
飬Сߣɫ졣ɫߣ⣬ڡҩʣʡҽ֮ΪȣҩȣһкҲ
˺֦ٲ֮й֦֮֮ҩȫľ÷ȫľΩ²飬ʲҩ֮ຮ÷֮顣²ȣʲù֦ȡ˲ݺԲУ÷ȴв֮ܡ񺮣ñͨգࡶ˺֦֮֮֮ۡͨб֮֡²ֲ֮֮ԣȫ֮÷²ʼܺ⣬ɣԭƪСô˷Ч֪֮²桷ɢɣĸȫΪ֮йΪ֮뵡Ϊ÷ƽ֮йԿ֮鱹÷ƽͲľ֮Ʒຮ֮ζйϵDZѰľƫйԵҶʿν²ȷΣ洫İҶ䲻֪²ԭȴʶν𲻿ˡν洫İ֪²DZľй˷֮İ֮ľԲҲ

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Ӽ 
 ÷֤ģ鲻飬ذᰴɫ죬˯ѡǼк²˷ν󣬽ľй֮ж֮ʵȡ˼Ӽ컨ǮȣʵɸһǮαգڶ̶ǮľľȣͨθҲ÷ƶDzƷáиɻ̦ʲݸһǮθȡ֤IJֲڳθ֤

 
 ȡԡ񺮡ʹʡ̥۰ס󲻺飬ذ˲ҲʵɢʵҶ۹ջ컨󶬱ĸ֪ĸǮ˲ʱԾߣʵʵӳǮ۰ף̸ɷϣ԰ס۰ףΪ֤֮
ʵɢ 
 Կڿʣ̥۰ߣΪж֮ȣʤ˽˷μҲ棬ʿԡȽˣʿڿʡȽ̥۰סջ컨֪ĸĸԹ˽ҺҶ۹ʵƷʵͣʷ֮ذʵ֮ʵģҲ˷ش󺹶⡣֮ȣзߣзսߣҲߡ 
 ²ȷֱΣжʱڡ̥Ϊʱڡ̥Ϊʱڡʱջ𣬶ʱ彵ȡʱҩ𲻿Ҳֻ֮㣬ࡣ类˲ܹˮλƽϽ֮֮أѬݸֻԷ棬Ѫţ㯀Բַ֤֤÷ӱɡϽ֮ʢ½֮飬ְ֤顣˻Ϊ²֮󷨡ʵʵʵжڣʵɢ֤˿֮ͨҩ嶨֮ȡ 
 
 ʵɢûԴ󺮣Ω˻𣬲ҰУԼ˽Һ²ɡ˲ֻ赭֮Ʒ֮˽֮ȣǻ֮֮ʵ֮ȶһ֣½һ֡һ֣һ֡û֮ҩһˣݺ󻼡Һٽ٣ӡ 
 ʵɢ֤Сس࣬СξޣкϡˮҲȶľ֮йС㳤ࡣȶҺ̣С㡣ȼ󳦣󳦽Ȳкϡˮ֤״вΪС㳤ΪССΪƢʪ򣬸кϡˮΪòɬ壬֤²桷֮ɢҶţ۹ҩƷ˷Һ̳ʪ˽ɢ²ɡˣйνˣˮԴݽߣϽ彵棬ľݣӡ 
 ÷ӼʵɢȻ²ɷ²й֮ҩййȻߣͣиԲ˶ԭҲԲ˶Ԫ֮ʡ 
 ²Ϊľϳ壬ν֮ľϳ壬˷νֻμ֮ȣľ֮¡ľϡ¡֪ȵ壬ľµ㽫²ĸߣľ֮Ҳ
ڳθ 
 ֤Уγ̦ɰתƣҺҴʵСüӼʵӸһǮԪ֣ζǮ˲ݸһǮֶǮ 
 Ӽ 
 ֣ʧ彵Ƚ᳦θɳȸ̦֤֮Եó֮ʵθʵѪΪ˺ģֻ˴Ƶζòι鲹Ѫ˲ݲľһպųƨѲƽѷ£ֹδ£ƽѲܰʵѽ⣬̦ཫˣҩƽѲȲˣŨľȼӡ²ֻ֤ʵ֤Ҳ󣬰ղųƨԾܰԲƽٷһϡٷ˰Ϣ 
 ϸ²󷨡ۺ֤м֤÷֤Ŀ֤࣬ʹʵɢ֤С㳤࣬С㣬Ӽ֤кϡˮȣ÷ȱ֮״̬죬֮ԭͬԭͬͬ 
 
Ѫ
Ȼж֮ȣƽƫ֮ˣȼ֡ƽѪƫȵˣȼѪ֣Ѫּȣɫ筳࣬תȲˣڸɶķҹ¡üӼӻع׸ǮֵƤǮӻһöֶη 
 Ӽӻ 
 عѪƽȣֵƤԻѪȣĻԳӻƲҺԽϵѪ֣ľİֱֱߣҲüӻƲԽ߼˸ʲһǮԲС筳л̦ӻ˸ʲݼáĻ𽵡ͽĻܳɹӻƹϵ˲ 
 飬ȲˡѪȶķʲ¡Ѫʿڸɡ˥ʲѪˣľľľҡ飬 
 ӻƶڴ˲Ȳˣҹ£ϵӻơ´󲹣Ƣ֮ҩҲ˲֮£һĻȣ½һйӻϣӻ彵Ļཻ¡֮ӻҺ²ˡ˷֮ûȫ뼦ӻϵĹϵܺҲ 
 ֣壬Ͷ⡣Ѫ֣ѪȣҲɫ筺죬л̥ߣθ͡ѪѪ֮УţƸ֣ĩ߼ʵ֣ĩ̷ȥ֮ȻӻơСߣ÷öڿܰߣȥӻơᣬѪҲ 
 ²ҩɢҩҩ¼²ľ𱣷Һж֮ȣϱ̥ȥ֮ƷĪθΪΡ

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 ߣľйƫʤ˼Ҳй飬ָʱй֮֮Ҳ˲ΣգһΪ֤һΪӸ֤ 
 ֤֤΢΢ȣȫ뵡־ԣ΢ɢҡǮ 
 񺮷ȣ֮Ȳȫ뵡֮Ҳߣ΢Ҳ־ɢߣɢԴɢʧԴϢҲ踽Ի֦ԻظԶľ֮ػ̽ҺľɽľƽйɽҩνƤȥľȣҲиԴУ⣬ʲ 
 ʱ֮йԹ̲أᡣȸʱ֮йֱζ˵Ȳ֤һк 
 Ӹ֤˷ϯνֳ˺ű֤񺮷ȣʹ类ȣͷʹ縫ڸѣʣʱʱʱʱϸôӸ 
 ؿֲк²Ҳ񺮷ߣڣҲʹ类ߣܴ⣬ⷢҲͷʹ縫ߣҲڸѣߣϽҺ֮Ҳʱʱʱʱϸߣ½ʧܰҲôƹ֦һǮʶǮԿգʯǮϽ֮ȣ˲ݶǮһƬǮԲӸƬǮԻҲ 
 ֤ͷʹҡҡ޶йͷϣ֮鼫ӡǸ˲ݲظڸɶʣϽȼӡַʯ಻ܻظҺʹȣƹ֦ܵ²бؼҲ 
 ˲ô˷ȷаգáǮӱһǮǮԴ֮ɿɴɴʯʸʲݺ档֮ɽҩصƤвҺ֮ܣɽǸɻ֮к˾ڸηΣԴҡעԴʵΪ˲ηЧա 
 ֮΢飬ԭˡ縡ϸӡ˶ͽ֮ҩ޲ɢߣ˲ӡ󸡳ϸΪĸݣҩ裬гǰţϥС㣬ϴ˲ù𸽵ػϣŷ衣 
 ƪ²֮÷֮ҪʵϳУǰޡǰкηֻͽھںز£侭ĵĶĺ֣Ϊ纮ĺ֣ν˺ʱΪ˺ʱڼΪ¶Ϊ²ΪҩԽⶾΪ֪²ȫҲ֪µ֣˵Ҳ֪²Ϊ˵Ϊ֪跨Բ½Ҳ

 
 ²ڶƼΣΪľйıΪľйˮزܣľθʶ࣬Ω÷ءºٷ𸽵ػ֮ů²

 
 ǰ򲻺ȣߡȣ裬΢ҡ֤һΪ֤ߣ֤֮Ҳʱأܲء񺮷ȣѾˮейθ첡ߡڵ֮ʵУڴʱĴ²ڣ޲ͷߡάԲ˶֮вڲһܴĴ̼ΪʳˣԲ˶ֿйĴͬй²飬ϣϲȣ飬ʱҩȣʼϲȣҲΩ÷ã÷һƶڶ̶ǮӰǶԲǮԽС㲻ߣӺ췹ǮС㣬޲Ч÷ˮСϲȣйȣʼԽƢʪС㲻ʼӷΩξȳӣߣѪߣδʱշ֮Ԥ˷ڱԶߣͬѧʵ飬Ч顣ͬѧ컨ЧߡDzĿͬԭͬԶ߲֮ʱһѩ쳹𡣽ѩظ½֮ظ½Ҳҩ֮ϡȺ£Чβϲȵʹ֮½䱾λǴ²ҲԲ˶˴еڶڴʢɡཱུң£ʢϡĶ²˳أ֮ν棬Ϊθҽµ֮ĺ֣²صʵȵ֣ʵҲȶҲкͣΪԪأضأǴк͡к͵֮ʵࡣѨضӣڴк͵ĵеθкͱɶУʧ֮֮֮˺ΩˣʱθĴȣкͱɶһѩȽأԹԱк͡ȻƷ÷ϡǣȻƷضѡʢʱɻɹߵؾڣԼ䣬ߵĵطԲ˶ߵԹҲ

ʪ 
 ²գȣͷʹƣ̦ӿʣΪʪ¡ѡ޲ǮǮFһöĶǮʲһǮǮ÷ö 
 ²ɢľܽˣ´֮֮ʪߣʪ֮ã޻ʪʪҲΪʪʾߣδʱʱ֮ԣԶʪ𣬽ᡣʪϣ֮Ҳ 
 ޲ʽʪFʰʽν𣬿Խʪ˽Һ޲ʽУ˽Һ֮Ʒ𽵣ˣνɢʹ˷ȵѽµˮУľøйãʪʪˣͷԲʹԲƣ»𸴣Բ²桷УΩʿ֮𣬹컯֮Ҳ 
 ʪ²֮ƷԭɾȥΪס÷ߣľȡиʲּӰǣӰΪ÷֮Ҳ 
 ֮ȣԲ֪𲻽ʹȻ𲻽ʹȻҩ֮飬ʳ֮ȱؼȶС㲻ԿüӼС㳤ߣ÷÷ľйС㳤÷С㲻ֹѶ

²Ļ 
 ̦飬÷𣬲ľָҺйҲ̦СľϢ磬ҲкߣӱɣԿգҲ֣̦ۣʣɢȥͣεУҲѪ֣ңȲˣҹ£ӼӻѪȣҲڳθ̦ɻƣγȣܰӼйθҲ·һΣ򺹻»򲹣·Ҳ壬ɻ֮Уȷʵ֤¡ 
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 ʵߣȲ˶ųתϸţˡʵʵֿʵʵֿ 
 ĻֻҪ㲻кʮʮղ㣬༪绬кֹ֤²ʢ֮кɢ⣬δԲ˶ĸд档ֻҪ½תܸԲ绬кֹ½ѿ飬ټӻкնֿգȫԲ˶ĸȫҲǰνкг·ΪףʪȲļҲ²Ҳǰ²ϲҩäͷΪ¶֮ʡ壬ɺ 
 黵޻̥÷ã֮΢⡣÷ȣ뱭֮ϻ̥ߣԴĩһ֣οˮ£θͣȻ̥˼ʳ²ȶ ; ֭򶬹֭Ǯɡ²ü 
 ʵתϸϸΪҺˣᡣŲ֮鼫ӡζʯǮȷᣬصðߡ֮󣬷ֹȻʵԭ֮һӲӴƸ֣ÿϷ֮ȥ͡òݹƬÿռ֭֮һնΣպشкϡˮ࣬սкϡˮߣͶͨҲߣͶ͡սߣʧѾãͲҲ 
 󣬵ѣ·ܸԪߡηϸģ˾ͣҽβϵֻ֮ʡ 
 վòߣԼ㣬Ǵ֮ʱԼ㣬в´֮ҩԶ˳θҺ㲻£˸Ÿע䵱ˮ֮һǮ㼴¡Բô㣬Ǹ֮öҺȱͳڷҩ¡ȡʺʺ¡ 
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 ²ϵϵ 
 ֮ҺҲй֮Ҳ²֮й̫㣬顣й⣬аȣ٣ϵϵ顣پ²亹ߣ²֤ҺȵҲԻ²飬βҩԲ֪²֮飬ˮˮҲˮ⣬ľйνաľƽйշνֻҪνգˮ֮Ȼˮڡ²֮Ҳ˺ȣڵ²ȣֹڵˮء²ҩضƷ֮ȣҼ֮ˮ֮ˣ֮ˣղȫȸӣսˮֲ֮˲ôࡣ

Һȱ 
 ²IJԴȫйƫʤ㡣йƫʤҺйҺ²أȻйɲƫʤ֮ν֮ƢθΪ֮ĸƢθν֮㡣Ƣθ֮䣬²֮ҪҺҪڱؽŷμңʼ֮ƷйȱΡؽɬʼɼȥ֮ƷԻؽʢ˼Ѫ֣ʼɼѪ֮ƷѪؽʢȻθҡʼú֮ƷθھԻ²òҩ֮Ҳ䲻òҩȻ½Ȼ½Һס𣬽ҺأȻظȻҩԴɢ󺮹Ǵ󣬴ˣͣͬҲ

² 
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²ɷ²ǵú 
 ֣ȴҽҲ١֪پ˺֮ۡƹ֦Է֮еú֦֮ĺ֮ҲԵ֮ͺΣ򲡡ȷָͺϣ򺹳Ҳˮˮอ֮͡ˮͣˮͣһУอ֮ڣ֮⣬ˮ֮䣬ͣͲͨͣ͵ˮΪ֮ԭһҲָϣͨȴҺһտȣһ½ͨ󣬴Ϊ֮ԭһҲߴԭأһͣȻ⡣ʵ˵ҲԹδη֮С 
 ˺ɷô󣬲˰Զͨ΢⡣ಡɷͨ΢⡣dzอ֮֮ʡ²ɷ֦֤֮ͬ²֮ú⣬֤ҩƽȻú֮ͬù֦˲Ժ֮ҩ

²֮ϵ 
 ²ú㲻úľмסҺѪ֮ͬҲҺڽߣѪɣ֮Ҳ򲡼ӡɫɫڡɫڹȻףɫߡѣ룬޹죬ѳ಻ɫδΪҲڣѾסȻȼ֮ڣڽ֮ԿתΪ 
 ʵ²֮ףȫڳ֮ϵȫڸккؽؽ縹кؽԵ֮λϣ£λ£ϣк£ؽϣ 
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²ﲡֱ֮ 
 ²ȣ־ԣɢģ꼱йﲡȣ־裬Ҿۣ꼱ģ²桷֮ɢһ̽۹Ҷţ򱡺ɣɢƷ֮ҩɣһɢ˷ΣɣҶƷ֮಻С˶˷ν֮²ľйνɢ֮統ƪ÷֮²֢֮޲ȼӲأкߡΪڣʵģΪ⣬ġʵʵʵҲ߷飬ľ飬顣ɢɣҶʯ࣬ˣ֪Ȼ˺ۡ²ƣʧѣֱӣأϢѳһǷ˼֤֮²桷׶˷¡ܳҲϷܳҲ֮ɺ֮£ˮС﷢没Ϸ֮󣬺ִȡѾսָ֮档ȣĽĻܸ£ٻ֮ʡﲡ֮ҽУڴˡᣬ֢ͨвԳߡ˳Ϊ¡ﲡʵ²飬֮ľʵ෴ɢɣɢδ¼ҲϷļﲡɢɣɢļˣȻһ¶֮ิ֮ӡͨġ²桷Ӧijﲡ档 
 
 
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 ʯ֮࣬↑֮ҩ𣬼ʡ˺ۡ׻ʯ࣬Ի޴ȡʯ౾ȣ޴ȣα֪֮ʯȣȡڹӣ⼴޴ȡڲأȣ⺮ɢȣںںʯࡣʥ˲֪˵㣬ʯ֮ģһԻ޴ߣԻڿķ΢ߣ֤ߡ޴ȵĴ֣θʵ֤ȣ޴ȡ󣬼йĶ࣬ڱغҲڿ˽Ҳ΢ߣ֮زҺʢأ򱳲֮֮ܽʱ񺮡֤֮񺮣ʢڣΪܣֱཻ֮ʡ֤ں֤Ҳ˺һʤҽᣬ˺ķҺθҺΪΨһ֤ʯ↑ᡣ²֤顣ʯܻУ²֮޲һкʯﲡ֮ʵߣ˺׻֤Ҳ²йﲡ룬飬ʵԴ죬ɺƪʵ֤֮ڿʣʯࡣȻʵ֤ƷҺ֤֮󶬵ȽΪסʯͬԶ֮ᡣ 
 
ھĶ 
 ھԻڷ磬ıйد^űʪؿԡںز¡ͱپ˺ۡԭģԼ˺ԻжΪ˺ߺڼΪ²ıΪǺνк²˷йɲűʪɿԡ 
 ȻˣҩйҪɢҩűҪҩζտȲҪȥʪҩǢ²ҪѺ׷ҩҩضҪصġ²ϲô֮ߣݼͶպڼΪ²һ˸ݣϡھڷ磬йƣʵϵıΪйˣѧҽߣѧҲҪѧ뽫еԲ˶ŴﶬԭʵףȻ˽⡶ھ֮ڡ 
 Ƿߣľй֮Ҳƽ˴㲻йȫСͨСͨȫľй˷ľ֮֮ʱľˣйСͨʲйľˣйˮ֣ˮֻ󳦣йҲ֮֮йľ֮ҩ 
 ߣĻ֮Ҳƽ˺׿ͨ裬^ű׿ͨȫڻ㣬˻ײ֮ʱˣգδʲűˣײ֮ͣ۹Ѫ֮У谭Уűűĺ֮ͨͨҲ֮֮ÿͨν֮ҩ 
 ʪߣ˻֮ҺҲƽ˷μУͨԡ˾ʪȫաʱʪĽҺ֮ʱȻ˾¶δ˪μҽҺδɬУͨ˶ȹ£ʵμҽҺɬ£壬ʲԡ֮֮ƢҺ֮ҩ 
 ߣˮ֮ҲƽˮܲأйľĻͳ죬ҲߣΪаȡˮIJйȡй֮ʢߣڱ£й֮ʢߣʱľδδйáһľйľѸҡйľʧʲ²²֤ԭڴˡ֮֮ľ֮ҩ 
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 ҡھƣ纮ˣʹ˺ëֱܲȻ£ȵŷһ㣬Ωأйҡ컯ij棬ǶԶ֮Ҷࡣ˶ȸܣǶҲ 
 ھԻ˺ߣΪ£ΪץסΪͷ²֤ʵȻҲѾԻ˺壺һԻз磬Ի˺Իʪ£ԻȲԻ²Ի˺˺֣֤˺˺˺֣еͨơھ˺µ˺֣ͬѾ˺˺һ塣ղν֮£ղν֮Ƕղ֤˺ղǰ£Ҳ²˱Ѹȣֲ²ȽνΪɶĵĶӦˣԲ˶ԭںĺ϶Dz֣Բ˶ԭ溮أ컯Ȼ֮ҲԲ˶ߣ컯Ҳ 
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˺ۡ²Ľ 
 ˺ۡƣ̫ȶʣߣΪ²ߣԻ¡Ϊ㸡Ժض˯ϢѳߣС㲻ֱʧѡߣ΢ɫ羪ʱѬ֮һգڡ 
 ߣԻ¡²ľйҺ֮ɷֻƽйҺΪΡ󷢺Һˣйȱؼӣ֡Իߣľй֮ľй֮²ййҲ˷ֲ֮磬й֮Ҷʿɢ磬Ҷ֮Ҳ㸡ϣೣ飬£Ӧءมأɼйй֮Ի¡Ժض˯Ϣѳ֤ԷľϣйҺϽҺɬ֮ٱ£½ҺˡľݽߣС㲻ֱӡ½飬ˮʧѡľݱ򷢻ƣӦ˽ͣԭ罫ΪǴķ纮ķ磬δǰôء硶˺ۡƺߣθʺΪҲ֮  
 ϲע˺ۡν˺̫̫徭˺һ²һп֮һ֤Ҳ֪Ϊ÷裬ڸɽӹ֦ҩ²ҩߡԻΪءľ֮֮ʱʱˮзصй컯֮ؼενΪغ²ΪľزϵľĿԶ׼dz֪Ի˺²ԻΪء֮ѧߣϲռνīáīãѧǣ֮ԣ˶ӡߣھ֪Ҳ

Ⱦγ롶²桷Ķ 
 Ⱦγһ飬ӢҶʿƽ˵ϸأ侭֮ҩ֮֮꣬ʦɷ˸Բ˶һȥо˵ɵõӦ֮ 
 Ҷνս͸аθθ飬һҹνֻõʮ֮ߣԹԹ˽Һνףͨѡνƶʣе֮ƣϻɫжƣ£ȴóƤʵԪڵȡνɫɶ٣θ޻Һ˸ʲúҩҶɾĺôν²鲡 
 Ҷ֪²Ϊ֤Ӿ֪²飬֪һԲ˶Ҳ 
 ҶԻɢ硣Ϊ²Ϊķ磬ΪҲԻ²ȷΣΪҲľй  
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 ȾγоģγҶµ˵ѧֻ֮ɾ䲡֤ҩԭΪݡӢͶƣģǿӲԲ˶ԭȷаգҽ²о󣬲ж֮Ϸ 
 ӢDZիҽ֡ҽҩ龭ꮆ˾䲡״ҩԣԲ˶֮Уܵõ֮ɾѧƫ²֮ס 
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 ˷ζԻ̫£θԻ£ʵΪѵ̫ΪʪΪ𣬡˺̫̫֮ۡʪҲҲ²ľй˷ΣȶѣοֱԻ̫θθȶѣοֱԻ˺֮²֮ԣ֮ͨҲ 
 ²ҩ֤֮²桷֮²Ӧѧᡣ 
 Ӣ֮Ⱦγ֮ͨ²桷ѧӦо֮顣ԭԱ֮ͨضҲ²ԭšһΪаһΪ¸Саߣȥ궬ʱ֮¸ߣн֮£Բԭȫ֪ƪԲʵԭˣǹΪۡ 
 ̫꣬ԭְٴɽ²ɢؼӲзߡΪ²桷ҽ²޲֮ɢΪ²һЧˡƸʡҽҽĽоᣬʮ֮ãð취ַΪҽѧУա²ľй֮ڶġﲡΪ֮ڵġɢ˽֮Դ󿪷֮ҩй֮֮ľйɢᣬҾۡʱ֮ɢߣҾ֮֮ɢй֮²й֮ɢʵֱ壬оýҽоΪҽѧУҲ

÷²ʮ尸 
 ɽƸ߿Ƴ²£裬ҹڳ̥ƺڸʶʹܰʮղ㣬Բת࣬ΣԻθҽҺѽߣ÷ʮöǶһҹ°ʺ˽ʳǰ̦ɷ÷ߣθȳ÷Ҳ˲̥ƺڶɣֲȣʮղ÷ߣʱ֮θȫθҺɿݡ÷θҺľθҺľ͡˶Ҳ 
 ɽغοƳ䲡Уʹ񺮷ȣʶԣذģԻȻԣģ²Ҳ÷ǣã·һ룬ξԻȥಡ˲ơ 
 ̫ԭǮѧͽij²ҽȺֲȲˣѪղߣС̼࣬Ϣҡ磬ʱʱС÷öǶŨ御ҹԴƽˣࡣ * ҽЦԻ²÷񲻽ס÷ζ֮ơ 
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 ̫ԭ籨־ֳ粨ŮˣÿԷ÷ǣ÷Ƕ 
 ɽϲӲ²ȡԴ÷· 
 ƽӲҽɢҩȴӣȼأΡ÷ǷãҽԺΡҽϡᣬߣ΢˶ƽΰࡣɽΰͬ 
 ־ͬѧkŮӣɺȣȻ룬ɫۺ죬С㲻ʱʱвãԡ÷öһͨ˶ľ㲻й÷ľйҲ 
 ӷȾ뵡ɫơ÷öһ˶ 
 ͷɫۡݩ÷Ǻڶƽйľ֮ЧҲ 
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 ϾɽһСȣڿϲ£кˮСȫޡҽɢΪβЧ÷öǮãȡƵƵ֮£ȻСͨкֹ÷գֹӡСߣľй֮ҲС㲻ľ˻й֮÷ľйʷСľ˥йй÷ľй÷ƽľ֮йľй 
 Ͼԫͬѧ֮ijУȣʯҩȷӡչתҽຮ֮أȸҽҶʯᣬijԻȴ̥ν÷֤÷ջ𲻿ɡ÷öǶ·˯Сʱ˲˼ʳжճǰˡijΪҽرоѧԱѧԲ˶ѧԭߣ˱ͬѧΪ˲Ч÷֤֮ͬѧи÷ߡرоͬѧԶҽңΪ¸за֮˵ߡ¸жֵ壬νʱɿڱǶ븹ڣӦҩɢֵ֮֮֮壬νȥ궬ܵĺΪ¶Ӧҩɢ֮֮Ҳԭϰ죬äվãΪȻһ÷ԾԻס÷Ҳ 
 ɶҽרУͬѧӴշȲˣ֧ҩЧ÷˶ 
 ͬѧĻһƣʮꡣշ̣÷ͬ塣˶ 
 ⣬÷֮̫࣬زʤءԲ֣ҽӦоνѧҽҪԱҽǷǵɶҽ飬Ϊǰڴ˿ɼ 
 ѧ²ѧ˺˺壬˺ߣú⣬˶֮򲡺øӣ֮ȶôƣù֦Է·׵ð취²ﲻ֣δȲָֻ࣬ѪȲ鲻ʵɷһҲδȲֻ²֮ڱйƫʢƫ˥𲻲أ㡣ʱ֮йвˡһʱй֮첡߶Ҳд˶㣬ҩѡȻ֣Ѫ֣ڳθĽޣȥ϶Լ취У֤󣬷֪ƪ෨֮ 
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ʹ 
 Сʹʳʹʹʹ֣ͣʳʹؿ֮ζȻ򲻷ȡߣʮŨʳߣӰʹߣʳƼݣʹֹ촽а׵㣬ϸҺС÷һö棬ʹֹﶬʲݸһǮľȣʹֹʹö³棬ʹֹľɣﶬˮˮľȣʿ֮֮ڴ򲻿˸ʹ٣ʹ֫䲻ʳ䲻ʳػһǮԲҶּºҲ
С֮䣬СˮкڿСľ˽йƫʤˮк֮˽Һ䡣˰һǮɽҩǮľйкֹɽҩľ˼֮ˣľľƽҲη 
С֮䣬СкˮʮУʱк಻֪ʣҾƺСʱľ󶯣йƫʤ֮ðǮƽľ֮йɽҩǮԲμߣ֮ľȣй˱һðƽйһԲҲѡ֮ʵƢɽҩԲƢһкһȫ˲ʣ𡣶С֮䣬עľľҲСľ֮ҩľгɹߡȻ

 
 СԣҪվò㲻ܻ̵ɿȣ̵ϸϸߣñǴǮҩҶ֣ŨҲɢ˽֮ҩ˸ηѪҺֹѪҲҲҶ˷ҺЧ˲ľʧϳ֮ȣ羡ȥΣҺľ壬Сԣϸϸߣμ
ϵ̵ĸɿȣرϸ˷νˮľϸ˸ءɽҩⶹһǮҶ֣̽Һ֮ȣ࣬ҩؼء࣬ȶк̷ߣɽҩҽΡɽҩãƢˮ밢֮ΪҲҽңСȲ滵̫̫ࡣСౡܲסɢ֮ʡСκβ֤κáһۺβ޲ߡСȫΪסΩ¿֭Խθμѡ
ɣϸΪƢ֮顣ɽҩⶹһǮСöԲƢΣʽ۹Ƥ֣Խ
Сԣ飬ο֮ҩغķȣβЧð˸ʲݵشָֻܺһǮԽξѪҺԽξԽֹСȲ֮Ҳð֮ظ顣
ԣҩߣ˴˷Ԥ֮ȣЧ۹ϵŧ֮ҩ˷á򱾲н۹ҩһ֮ҩ˷Σ֪ŧвѪ֮¡νΪ˳Ϊηβ֮ҩߡСǰ΢񱹣΢ҡйС΢סҡ֮ڷζȡ²ңʹ
Сɿɬҹؼҷ˸εȣμңɢʵ˸ʲݸ֣ʱǰ¼ҲɷʯкӲҲľȣľʵ˸ʲݽμס֮ȡӳΪε֮ʱΪ֮ʱ˱֮ʲʳơ˲̵дˮҹأɬߣ˷Ǯʽ۹ƤݸһǮϸ֣󶬻Ľ۹ζ̵ˮߣۣˮθҲ۹Ҳ˶ķֱ𣬰εĿȣҹᣬ鲻ɬҡεĿȣҹɬҲһҩƽͣηҪɬ˱֮˽֮
֮ȣ̵ˮζϸɽ֮ȣ̵ˮɱˡζϸɽ֮ȣҹȣ˿֮ԭˮ档֮ȣ°ҹȵԭڷζϸɽ֮ȣŷƪŶ֤۵С 
Сԣ̵ɿȣ̵˲ݸǮЧʯ֮ͨԴʯԴҲ

粡 
 Сȳ鴤鴤ߣľ綯Ҳߣľй𲻽Ҳľʷȣ׷綯ľĶЧƶʮڶ̶׷ʮΪСȲĵһҪмɢҩҩľУȻ˷ƽСȻĿӣľ϶ĶЧľƽйջСľɣʶľĶ֮Ҳöɳƫȡɼɸҹҹԡ׷ʳƷdzСĶҪˮãȡŨ򳤼ɷ 
кʳ鴤ɫƣΪľܡľѪпءһɢ֮ҩ˽ҺɡĸеػԼĸöЧ 
С硣޲ȻĿӣ鴤бΪΪȣΪȲҩҩ𲻽˽ҺεͣɼĶԺľ˾ҩȣͨҩɢ磬ˣסùҩҩߣӡȲҩ֮ʵҲԲҩ֮򲡾ʳľ顣ʱƢҺҵѿݽߣθл֮ͣҩܽƢԺΡñⶹɽҩһǮԴݣð޽Դ𸽣ָ࣬ľȣƤ֣ȥͿθľͣȻ˺ҩ֮ʵҲй򾪺ɲߣּӻ۾һ֣򵥻۾εȻʤ컯ľ۾Ϊľᾧ澪ߣľҲһ׹֮ҩƻԲ˶֮ҩǧ򲻿ڡ޻ۣɡǰνǡʼľҲХ磬ľҲ
ǰøеػľ˫Чޱȡľݿɢ˳ػľˣΪá뱾ŷƪӰͬһ塣ҩеػ¶֮ҩҲĸ֣Ի֮ӡ
еػϵζػϲáɸø֣ζػһǮĸһּ֣ˮˮػľɽҩ ֮ɽ˲йĸȥͣʹԲ˶֮תܣЧ٣֮Ҳн˷ӻεߣЧ٣ҼȻƵ󡣴˲ɲ׽˵ݻβ鲹Ѫ˽֪֮֮Ѫ顣֮ԽεΪйˣѪɢյ෴ʷȻƣɢپνֻҩ֮һǽ֮ûηأν󲡼ӣ˲ƫ֮ȱȻҲŷƪӸӣػȥ𸽡綬ֺ֮أ㣬áľľľݣֻһ¡й˽ݡ

 
 ֮С֮С㣬£Խ⡣Խ˲ԻֹŴ༫ЧΪҩɴҩкߣ෢ȶҩ֮治Ȼ 

ŧ 
 Сŧʹù𸽵ػһǮ鵨֮ʡվò弴սҲҩǰߣĸһ֣ߣһ嵨ȡ
Сŧʹڵ²֭ζڣ²֭½Ҳ˲뿴ŧŧŧΪŨΪȡ𸽵ػ²֭ŧ֮ߡŨߣɽҩⶹһǮ컨ʲ̱ɸ֣Ч彵εθ֮ҲɽҩⶹԲУԷεθ֮ʡΪߣС㣬һΣ޸֮ɫ˿֮㲻ʵɫ죬𸽵ػ²֭ΪϡһΪȻһв֤ηԿơ²²ľҩСŧԭͬЧ 
ʹ˯ʹΪ飬ʹΪʵʵҲһζƶ嵨ΪΣҩ˯ѲԼӽʵ顣ֹСʹˣˡʵö࣬Ҳ

Ŀ 
 ĿʹƾΪΡᰴʢذ΢Ϊкȡøɽֳ֣ɽкȡĿɫĿɫʣᰴذǿɬ֮󣬴Ϊʪ֤֮ʽһǮɾ֣ľ֣ͨٻȣɾɢͣľͨȥʪһɬͨɾٷĿηΪԭҽҼ죬ҩк񣬽ĿأԲ֪øɽԭ֮ʡѰĿʹƶһľĿηϵˡʵʵʵ֢ٻһЧҲʯסǰĿʹҲ棬ֵػһǮľʱľ˥֮ʡС۽࣬첻㡣

뵡 
 СͯС֮䣬뵡˷𸽵ػһǮ鸡΢ģɢҩҩľ㡣ǰ˴IJ֮˵IJˣҲͷ֮˵Ҳ²ƪ֮꣬˲ࡣ飬֤ʳѡǰνΪԺʵ²Ҳ

 
 ߣغӲٸ˸飬Ӱ콡ɺҲζ֣һǮշһΡΪֹӲظ֮סͨСޣȡЧһʱܶϸСɢθ֮ζɢ²ˮ֮ʹЧζרҩ˺ۡСοζӣΪζο֮ҩǧšζȣβɡ

Ს 
 Ს֤࣬ʱʱкȣ̰ʳݣɫ԰ףҹߣлư̦֮ߣԻᣬ䲡֮Ҳ֤ڴȷСˮݣӲڲΪɫ洩ףͬʱӣʹɫףѶ麮ʪж˶ľ֮øʲкӼ֮
˸ʲǮ ɽǮ öȥ һǮ ĶǮ 
ɽ²彵֮ʪȣĽ͡μӼ֮˷أɼʮ֮֮÷ɼ롣˷˰ʱӼɴ 

没 
 С没³֮ҩľɡʪľȻ汻£ܡ컯֮ľ𳤣ˮء𣬱ؿݣֻܳҽҲľԲ֮漴ľá˺ۡ÷裬򻨽÷öµľЧԻ没÷裬没δȥˣҪ֪δȥ֪ӺδиηȻҲ没֤ʹƣֺ㣬֮С׵㣬С÷γ壬걾ŷƪ˶֪³棬գ没ˮʹҧΪ֤֮áѡʲݶǮǮǦһǮ֮Ǧɱ棬ò֮ҩҲηһЧֹ
 СʹʱʹʱֹΪ没֪صػ踽ػһǮ÷һö漴¡˷÷֮ʹʹö֮Ωƫ֮أ棬Сݣʳʹö³һΣºʳƶΪסȻŻ£ʱֺ꣬鼱֮ߣΪ没Ҳ÷ʹӣʱá÷γ没֮㣬ʹγ没֮ࡣ÷ЧȻʹʹӣӡ
 ɱ治棬治ʹ档ȸȣ֮ԭʳʳʳ棬ȷȸΡֻʳ 

ʹ
Сʹͬձʱƪ֢֮Сʹļ֪粻˵ʱؼѹҲ󣬳ϸȣ΢顣ʹϸ񺮣Ż£ͣ֫飬ΪգӦٹ𡣺Զ£ԣӹм䣬磬СɸױĨͩͻͣγʹֹ


СеԭйСҩܡֻûƶľƽйôͷΪѶ꣬ʼѰ׵İ취Сһȫ伫ٷܽɢˣɴΣ֢ΩƲܣܲáк߱ʹôɢƽͣҺΪƷߣûƶסûƶƽйй޹ע츣ͷһʮΪ 
 ôл̦áɢθҲгʱ񺮣䵥ȣֻҪʹͷʹ֮ʹͷʹϵ֮Dzȶ΢²ֻй˲ö֮ͨйֻûƶ֮ľƽȿҲļкȾ֮ 

ɺ
 ƫʢĸð˺йƫʢĸðΪ²˳Ϊʱ¡ߣľй֮ҲСʱȻȣ˯˼ʳϵʱΪľйƫʢĸðľƽйҩв׸ͣΪʱµаСΪаһҩɢҩľ컯Ϊľ֮캮صḷ̌й²С²綬ķľ㣬㼴йСľͬУйľǿйȳƤѪɫۺɫľйййɫۺɫΪɺȡйߣ㣬ɫ΢Ȱȥиסййߣ΢Сɫۣ΢񵡣Ȱȥ޸סɺȣ²֤֮Ҳ
 ɺ֮ʱ²֮֮йƫգʿԶ硣ĿľֶܶĿ캬ᣬնľ飬θȥ¡ľϳ壬ʹľͣʱкľйкСΣľ㣬ҩȱػƫйɢҩػ飬Բ˶ĵ·ңòҩػ ƷԲԭô˷аһС٣ΪƢʪĶȥڶ̶ûƶʮɽҩǮƶľɽҩС㣬׷ಹС㣬ɽҩйԲDzֻƢʪҼ飬˻ƶɽҩӰ֣²Ƣ㣬ľ˺ͣС²΢˿ɼҲ 

ͷ
緢ͷףߣ÷öһ׼Чľй˱ľ޸ϳ塣ľգͷס÷մľ֮ƽй֮Ҳ緢ͷסҺȡ͡лư׺̦ߣȽʵĶӻҶʵͬ弫Ч״죬ԭͬľйνʧս֮֮ʡ֤ΪɢҩܻС֣һң²ʧߣľ²ľ֮ʱ֮񲡡߲֮ҲĶѡľܽⶾľƫɶ 
ͷ׶΢䣬ɫȣƣ˼ʳ΢ùŷƪ֮Чľйϣν𲻽йºľƽйνˮ֮ľ֤֮ɢ֮ҩػ֤ͷ϶ڣˮݡݲɴƣƣǽľйԪɢӡ
 С֮ʱһʱ֤ɫȣơۺβƢ˺ٰ֤ʩΡ죬Ϊ֮Ȳȹ˸һηô˵֤Ľ޻̦Ҳл̦θȣְ󡣰ߣθܣ֮Ҳ²θΪ˳ 
 緢ȼ飬ɽҩⶹһǮշУ̶ʮ飬вɱɢ˷Σʹйӣ䡣ȣΪľƫйɽҩ֮ƽľ֮йˡ


С֮ʱȻͷʹŻߣ޽һǮⶹһǮǮ½θҩֻζҩ޽ⶹãʱƪСС̶кҿʣ޽ⶹмӶȻֹ֭иɻ̦ɼʵƤ֣ȥȡ֭ΪȻ֭޶ûʯһǮԴϡסѡƶһζС췢Ч
Св֮ΪΪҩ¡֪֮飬ذУ֮飬вȽ϶ЩԲ⣬Źȥ𲻽𲻽˷ñⶹ֮飬޽㽵θ֮Ҳθнȡ
 ֮ܶ۴Сзȣǡ˺֦ۡйҩԭжʹǡ˺ۡξƵԭ򡣵ҩܻɢСãΩûƶڶԴҩôͷԴƣܹУЧȴȫޣΪС֮Ҳ


ʱСΩࡣԭ²ͬľй忪νڣ´֮²Ժ⣬С²⡣ѪѪɡľйΪɫľййй֤˲Ϊ˳Ϊ档֮ҽʢ֮ҽ飬΢ߣľ忪ҲۺߣľйҲߣйҲߣľй𲻽Ҳ˯ߣľҲ 
й֤״Ϊʢɫ㡢С㲻кɫϥ¶Сڵأ䣬ףľСؽй֤֮Ω֮Сżв֤֮йߣĶֻҪȣѳδʼֻô˷кľȻƽذߣ׵Եľ͡ʪ߲Ҳ
й֤״ΪȲʢɫԲѡ졢򲻳ƬһءѳС٣к֫䣬ڵأףˮзصй棬ľʧضй粻ڶߣ΢й׳
йСΪҪ֤΢ƽ΢ҳðĶĶмӰһǮ²ľСһΪת 
أѳΪ飬йƬΪ飬ɢءʰĶҲƬɽ˲ݻΪߣƽȡľйϲ飬֮飬˱ȥɽ˲֮²붹ͬãܵľ֮й֤֮Ҫҩ𸽵ػá΢СߣΪ֮ܣ΢СߣƢ飬ʹ𸽵ػˡˣѲȣɫǻ˥ʳ٣˸Ƣ֮йĶȻòԪüӼԪ֮ԪģƽľĹϵʿɲѪҲ
Ѹɣ²ԼƽʱÿշһǮƽȬݸĿأѱ֮Ϸ֮ϡӡľй֮ľ֮Ԥ˷֮
󣬿ѣײһƶʮЧΪһҩܼʳƷľƽϢǡϻ֮Ҳ
 ر³棬ɼΪľ֮˺ۡľ÷裬³Ҳڴľ֮ʱҲΩҡ֮پλߣв߶Ωƽдߣء֮ҩΩƽʵ˾ѣȻѡô˷ˣ޲ЧȻݶԭ̥֮ȶΪԭΪݣѡô˷Ҳ
طȣľй𲻽Ҳ룬ҲкᣬľйҺҲؿԸǺľй˷ΣɢҲӼɷľй֮ɷйҲӼҩϵ֮Ҳйֻйľй򵱲ʹ֮й֮й֮Ͷҩҩ֮ľٰ֮ӡ罫Ϩ֮ٺ֮ӡ
ҽθ̥ҪɢҪҩ嶾һҩ𣬼ȡ֮ҽҲҶɨҩ֮ľ֮йˣ˾Լظɸҩ԰Ƣθʳľ͵ȶʳƷԶľȶ˷ζɷӸĿĿȻʳʳţ̼ڡɨҩߣɷƶײη֮ȣƽ֣ʺľҲΩСߣ÷ʳƷŷƪ 
С֮ӣ²֮ľеĻ࣬ӳɿɫ졣ľеĻ٣Ӳɿɫ첻㣬֮Ҳ֮ʱУֻҪк֤ʳҩգȻ
صطСɺȡصطѩ񣬴ˮУر㣬ḷ̌й֮ʡ
ĶϸߣҺߣС㳤ߣߣȥĶתδߣȥٷĶ󣬷ߣ򲻴ߣȥٷ򷹶ľˮ油˽֮ʡƶڶľ潵Һ̶ľȡ
Ķ֤ð죬½ľ𣬱аμңΪС΢ɫҳ߸΢˿֮ҩҲ
֮أľС֮ʱ֤֮˶ࡣ˵вɺվ֮أ֮а֤ҲȻԿڿʣϱиɻ̦ΪθԭлȡĶȥʵʸ֣ľθΪΡ֤ꪱɽҩ಻áϰзѪߣȶ²֦ʼ֮ͬ
 СɺӽԼԣԲɣҶҶƤʵȵȽ֮ҩοԡ֮ؼءľйƫʤ˥֮˥ˣ֮ҩ˥йӣȱظ֮ʡֻľƽйľһͣйϳ壬ԽֹɺҲҩοȣײѣνƽ֮Ʒ
 ռӣɣҩɷƶʮŨʼЧڴɣϲҺɿ֮ʡƶϽҺľЧޱȡ˾ѣʼѡ֮ӡ 
Сȣľй֮ɢ֮ҩܾݴΪã֪ܾݴɢС֮󣬸ӽҺɿݣޣȼƣ겻˯裬ʳ³תϸɬľθȲμ֢֮Ϥ˻ƶʮ֣Ũ·Ծ֮ʼ˯Һ˽ʳʱͶ˰콫ľĸظ֮ƶкľ֮Ϊ֮ЧҲ
Сȿԣɿ̵ľϳ壬ʧûƶʮײһȼֹ֮߳˳ײ󽵷ƶľҲȼô˷ʡ¶ӡ˷Ȭշ֮ƽ֮ʢ֮ʱշһԤĿԵȲ˷Կɾľ֮óҲ֮𣬿ȶȣײĻƶʼգɢҩҩɻߣƶԾ֮²ҩɻߣײĻƶԾ֮Ժ飬ԪѸߣӼԪԲ֮һǮΰ˲ݵɽ֣öηӡĶɡ


 Ķ֮ϡԻϡ޻ƶ֮ʵľƫй֮ľйܡľйδܶĶľ߼ɽҩǮԲΡߣΪ飬ټӰһǮԲƬɢϡְ֤ðĶӳεءûΰǮ ҩҩ֮򲻿á÷ɢ֮಻áĶȥ̶Ϊѡʼľ֮¡ľ֮£֮¡ܣܻظʶڶûԲζй֮ɢ޲󲡼ӡ϶̥֮ԭϴи˵ӢϡؼӽʲԽⶾľʧͣǶľܽⶾʲݲɼҲɻΣֻ֮֮
 ƪ۶ڣȫɿ˹ġָΪֱá֮Իк͵ĽᾧΪ̥Цƪ˷ף֪ԭ֮ҲСԲ߼ѡ 


֮⣬һ˲𣬶񺮷ȣ򲻶񺮷ȡ׶ӲðظһǮ󶬹׵ض֣ӰɳƤ֣ö·񺮷ȣ̦ӱɣҶּ
 ഺľй֮Ҳľ㣬йһȥ½Ϊľ½֮·ʽڴ˶ɢز֮ײε½֮ضӰƤθ֮ɳ油ɣҶ֮Ҳ
 ˲Ϊֻ࣬粿λĹϵʲᡣȻ֪ľºɢ飬ͣŪ¡ҽҲ֮ʼֻ֮һζڶЧڶľƽҲ
 ط߳ŧŧԭԭͬβ󣬷εҡҽηҷؼ󷽣ֱؼ油ŷƪҩξԲ˶֮Ҳ
 ˲緢^ذ飬ƴ֮ذ΢ɲò֮ҩֻû춬Ƥ˲ʸһǮɢֻᣬ´Ĺϵ↑油Ҳӷ^ô˷춬彵^ԴľҲڽľҲȥ춬ӻƶסƶ֮Ʒ춬춬Ҫҩ 


 Сҧҹҹ䡢ҹȡࡢʺá°źۣȡҩסð̶ɳʳθƽ˾֮Ҳߣ˯ź󡢷ɫ˯ź󡢷죬ҲȣΪ飬ʮȫ֤˯뷹ߣ˯𣬷θܲأ򸡶档Ѫ㣬飬˻ʹҵͣҵĺɫƫƫҲƽ顣


С飬ʹȻɬ޸죬ɽһɫ㲻ÿһΣڰҹ޽Уҹ޽УľҲ˲粻ԤΣԳ׳͡ÿʳѼһԲ֮Ѫؿת͡˳ֵػСһζػľε֮ʡ貢ͳδ

ʵ֤
Сʵ֤ʵһ֣ȫ塣ʹʴȣиףذȣֻл˯޷꣬кĭС򳤻̣Ϊʯ֤ʯ˸ʲ޸֣һֹ֤ɫز죬سʵбиɻ̦ΪݡСܵԿ̦ΪҪ򲻿ɲ̦ҩСϿڣֿõϵijסɢ֮ҩҺвɴ֤ߡʯԽʯμȣ˲ԲҲ
 ޻̦֤Ϊᡣߣ㣬ܻҺҲػÿ֣֮ϻȻҲ˲жߣҲˡ 
 ²̦еףڳĿգʶȫޣΪʵ֤ʵԭȴ顣ϸ鸹簴֮˾ܰп֮˴ʵۺӸֻһǮƶǮ΢֮簴ܰʵ͡
 ʹȴȣˮȱеף̦а׷ۣл̦ʶθұпȣʵСʸ֣ȥȣʽʵߣɽҩⶹһǮԷסСθȣСܲ˺򣬻ҩ˽£DzҲʵϸʵ̦ɻơɽҩⶹ㲻á
 Сղ㣬ȴ˳нҺ֮ʣõһǮŨ·֮ͨȻ㡣ôƣȽʵ֤˿֮У˱¡һСʳãȴкϡˮмз㣬ССƶֶĸʱʳСգˡȽʵ֤ҲȽкϡˮ 

С֢֮ʵ
 Сл̦ΪθȡƱϵɻƣּʶгΪҩҩ֤̦̦̥֮޸ɻֻɫʪ֮󡣴ܣܻĻģĻ֤ͨزҹԱ겻˹𸽵ػ֤ͶΣֹСˣˡ
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ΪΩᣬ֮䣬ĪȻǰνΪʵǴеʼɲҲ˲෢ﴦ֮󣬴Ҳߣ֮Ҳף֮ˮУأִʹ֮ܲ¶֮֮½֮Ҳ棬ϸ֮Ϊ֮ڣ޸Բ޳١ˮ½֮صס˳ˮdz½زס֮϶Ҳ
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 ҩŻߣ֭һףԽθֹŻߣ˸ʲݶǮԲС㲻ߣ޲Ǯˮʪñ˲ᣬסΪ֤ͨ˲ɳҲ˲ʱУԺ϶ءϽУ϶ء˷ʥҶʯ仯֮

 
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 ҩɹɣϸĩҩԾÿǮˮһնΡ裬ˮɡ
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֫ϸںĹϵֻѪ䣬ľ֦ҩѪľ˲ݴ油УϸͨͨҲ
  
 ֦ȥƤ ҩ ϸ ʲݶˣͨݶ ʮö뢣һʮö
ζˮȡȥң·һ 
 

䣬ϸƽվоúߣڵںҲ

 ҩ ʲݶˣ ͨݶ ʮö ֦ȥƤ ϸ У Ƕ 
Ͼζˮͣȡȥң·һˮƸ

   ˲  
ľµθԺʸŻĭͷʹ֫ʡνԺľθ飬ʷ½ľθ油С
 
һϴ˲ Уʮö뢣 
ζˮȡȥң·ߺϣ

߸ʲǰ 
 ʶļ£ˮ˲ȥˮȻҩʡˮҩʣҩˮθУҲ

ǰ 
 ŻС㸴ߣҲŻϣ£΢ȣ⡣֫ʣΪΡԻҲ

θ
θ ( ǰ ) 
 񺮣Ϊ飬񺮶ȣΪθʵ˵θԺθҲ
δ˽ķθȡ˵θâйθȡθδʵ˲ݲҲ

С(ǰ) 
̫ʱ·θнҺּ࣬Һˣ´ӲķӲѳθ֤֮СθҲ
ٶʵ񺮣ضȣ˱֤ѽ⣬ʵԹٿȻʵ㺹ǴӲôԹ෢ȶԶ񺮣DZ֤ڣȲô䲻ôͨθʵС΢θ

θ鷽
ۼ嵼 
 ͦţΪۼ嵼
ᣬθвʵ֤˷˽˽򣬽Һڽߣɹ´㡣Ӧۼ嵼ֱ֮Ȼ¡

ϸ֭ 
 ֭ϸ֭
˷ۼ嵼Һڽߣߣֱ֮֮նϣܺθҲ
 
    ҩ   ʵ
ۼ嵼֭ϸ֭ڸ֮볦н֮ʵ֤ߣ裬֮ҩԺּ֮Сᵴ֮ÿֻӴ֮ʮС裬Ỻӡ
跽 
ʶ ҩ ʵˣһȥƤһߣˣȥƤ һȥƤ⣬֬
ζۺ裬ͩӴʮ裬ӣ֪Ϊȡ

С ( ǰ ) 
 ﷢ȣθʵҲʵСθȡ们֮飬СθȡСΪﲻ飬طƨƨҲɷҲղ㣬ɼתɬɬΪ飬Ҳ

 ( ǰ ) 
 ʹ̫֮ȶر֮֮࣬Ŀвˣ֮ͣʽ˼ô֮Ծ֮Ҳ

θѪ
ֵ ( ǰ ) 
 о֮Ѫͣ²谭֮ʡǣ֪ѪӲʱҲѪֺɫԵֵѪҲ



С ( ǰ ) 
ŻȣҲ½С֮

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ɬϽҺҲң½ľҲϽҺ£ҲξݣľʹҲҩؽ𣬹֦ξľ˲ݽ棬²DzҺľʹֹҲ粻ǸʹǸľС֮
ʮգԡϸʹСߣҲʮգա
С 
֦ȥƤʲݶˣʮö뢣ҩ Уһ 
ζˮȡȥң£΢⣬·һŻҲýҲ

ͬ
֦
   ˲   ֦ ҩ˲
зȡ񺮡֫ڷʹ֤֮΢Ż֧֤֦֮Сϲ˫Ҳ
֦ 
 ֦һ루ȥƤ ҩһ һ ˲һ ʲһˣĶϰ루ϴö뢣һ루У  
Ͼζˮȡȥң·һƣ˲֦Ӱġˣ˲Σ

  ҩ ˲ 
ͬʱΪʢھȻ϶ҩȣݡ油Ҳ

ҩ ʲݶˣʮö뢣 
ζˮһȡȥң·һ١ҹһ 

˼Ӱ ڻڼӰġ
֤ŻڻӰġֹŻҲ
˼Ӱ 
 ҩ ʲݶˣʮö뢣 İϴ һ루һУ
ζˮһȡȥң·һ١ҹһ 

Сǰ
Ѫ֮ͣʲűз羭ˮٷ֮ȣ˾ˮѪҿѪҡѪΪСҲ˺ˮĺ״ΪѪңСҲ
  






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¼  ֦ ҩ ˲   ˲
֮ʹ١١˽򣬽ľľݷ綯ʹ֦ľϢ磬油Уҩľݣо˲βҺ
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֦ȥƤҩ ʲݶˣ˲ ʮö뢣 
ζˮһȡȥң·һƣ֦ҩ˲Ρ

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֮ʡ˼̫̫ʪ½ʷʡߣҲй̫֮ʪҲ
С㲻΢ʡ˿̫֮ʪҲ΢ʪҲй̫֮ʪҲ
ڱˮe֮֮ʡ̫ʪƤй̫֮ʪҲ

ĸɢ ĸ
ĸ̫ȥƤë֮ˮʪҲ
ĸɢ ĸ
һζΪɢԷϣͷذ

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 Сɢ 
۹ְͶһ֣ȥƤģڣ֬ĸ 
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̵ʵк֮֡ɢΪ̵˷Ϊ̵ġɨ̵Ҳ˷ӦƦ֤
С 
һİϴʵһö
ζˮ䣬ȡȥңȥҩȡȥң

֦ȥӰ
ҩ˲߰ͷǿʹߣʪߡС㲻ʪҲʪ赨½֮·ʹ΢ȡ˹֦ȥ֦֮Ӱȥʪҩ˲ݽ油Ҳ
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ҩ ʲݶˣУ ߸ ʮö뢣
ζˮȡȥң·һСƣ֦ȥߡ

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УƢʪ𣬹ʸΡݲУӡɢʪҲ
ĸʲ˲
ӰˣȥƤУİϴʲݶˣ˲һ 
ζˮһȡȥң·һ

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ʱӴ֦ʡ½θ̫֮Ҳ
 ֦Ӻ 
֦ȥƤʲݶˣУҩ ʮö뢣 Ӷ ˣȥƤʮöȥƤ⣩
ζˮ΢ȡȥң·һȡ΢ƺ

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ʲˣɽ
϶ζˮȡһϣȥңٷ

ҩ˲ ҩ ˲
л֮󣬽ҺδľʽŲ졣ҩ˲ľҺ졣óʹ΢磬ֹط룬ߣԻҲ
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ҩ ʲݣˣ 
϶ζˮȡһϣȥңٷ

෽
֦Ӹ ڹ֦ڼӸ
©ֹ綯ʶ硢ѡ֫ӻ֦ʵҩϢ˲ݡ油Ҳ

ҩʲݸ  ҩ ˲ 
⣬񺮣˶ҲԲҩʲԽҲ

֦ȥҩ
֦ȥҩӸ
֦ȥҩ
֮Ϊδ⣬ΪݽԽȥҩ֮Ҳ΢ߣ˶飬ȥҩӸԲҲ

ǰ
⣬ԷļߣˮʪҲˮľθͷѣpҲp߷ľҲʧ뢵ضҲߡˮҩϢľнֹѣҲҩãȥҩ֮סˮܣľ˵زϢΪ󷨡

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֦ʲ  ֦ ˲
࣬ļðйľθ綯Ҳľ֮ľ֮ݣηϳ壬ηƽ֦˲ݲη嵽ϲ鼫ӡļµð֮Ҳ

߹֦ʲݴ  ֦ ˲ 
ľ֮ˣľʧݶηϳ塣¼¶˸ηϳ֮סֹ֦½壬ߡ˲ݡ油ľ渻нҺľƽҲ

֦ӹ ڹ֦ټӹ
봦ˣ֮ȣ봦ˣ֮ľٸĶɱ֮״֦ӹԴƽϳ壬֦ӹ𡣾ϸһ׳ߣ»ظ֮Ҳϳߣδݣʲɼӹ

߹    ֦ ˲
ľϳ壬ļͷѣֺ֮ľ壬ľҡ֦Դľ֮ƽϢ߲ԲľҲľ飬ηľ֮壬Դľ油ΪҪ
֦ȥҩĵþ
ڹ֦ȥҩᡢǡĵ
֮Բڹ֦ȥҩ֮ȥ̵ĵù֦桢ԽԲ̵Ҳ

֦ʲĵ  ֦ ˲  ĵ
꣬˷Ͼ֮飬ʲ֮ȥ̵ù֦ͱ˲ݲУĵҲ

෽
ǰ
ﳦΪľ麮εȲͣͣˮ顢֦ľֵ֦֮ε֮ȣͨͨξƽȣϸľ֮ˮݡ油Ҳ

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ΪкڼΪȡɽкȣ˲β֮ºȡ䲡ˡ

֦ǰ
ʱ£Ըڣù֦ԺҲ

θ
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Ӻ   ʵ
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Ӹʲ ڼ˲
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кȷ

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ƦӲŻķʮУ⹥£ƦӲˣ˸ʲݴԲУɽУȣĽҲ

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֮񺮷ȣͷʹǿƦ壬úΪ̵ùϵٳСӿ̵֮Ҳ˳С˰ߣ죬ᣬжǽѳСɢ֮ССɢ֮СʳƷ֮췹 

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Ƣʪ򷢻ơӰƤʪ˲ݲҲ 

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̫ಡʹߡʹʪľľ֮ʡڹ֦ҩкľ֮Ҳ

֦Ӵ  ڹ֦ҩڼӴ 
縹ʹڴʹʵʹľаڹ֦ҩмӴкľ̫кľ֮ᣬкҲ֦˵ľ֮һ˲ݽҺΪľҪҩʹкľôҩơ

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ȣľҺľͣ򲡿ȼ£С㲻ʹйءҩľʵ˲Ҳ֤س͡ 

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Сǰ 
вҲСԽвӲŻϰ̦Һ£ʲ㣬вŻϰ̦θ档ʾСԽ֮ҲϽͨҺ£θͣС֮Ҳ


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£Ƣʪ̣ء˲ν棬轵߹֦ʪǦĵй֮֮ͣȣס֮Ҳ 

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Сǰ 
˺գΪ֮ڣļ¶˵顣СҲ 

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ǰ 
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Сڼâ գвŻ΢ΪθʵȣСԽԲâԻкθʵҲ
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ʮ һ ˲һ ʲһˣһУĶʮöϴö뢣â 
ϰζˮȡȥңâ΢Уٷ⣬

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ǰ 
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к 
İϴ ɽ ˲ ʲݣˣ һ ʮö뢣 
ζˮһȡȥңټȡ·һ

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аÑ̦θͣθθ͡ˮˮֿиθ˽ڼ㣬˰׻˲ȣֲǷνƢʪйʪ纹ʣθ֮Сθϲʹأڲʶ湸֤ټԺK˽˰׻ﱣҲ

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ȥӰ 
öڣȥƤƣ Уʲݶˣʮö뢣 
ζˮȡȥңһԣ֮ð״֡ԸӡƤڣˮδóʹ֮ӹ˱һԴӲСȥҲԴ㲻
ӲС㲻ӹ𡣸öֶҲҼ˼֮
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ʲݸ 
ʲݶˣӶöڣȥƤƣ ֦ȥƤ 
ζˮȡȥң·һȡ΢⡣ʳֹߣϣһߣ˷ߺΪʼ 

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˲ ˲ ɽ 
ʪ֮ͣͣˮߣɢȥʪУˮߣҺ˸ɽ˲ݰ˲Σ²֮ҩҲ

ǰ
֫м䣬֤֮ԻҲС࣬󺹳ںȣ΢֤֮Ҳ

֭ͨ  ˲ ɽ  ֭
ֹ֫ʣ΢֫ʶ΢ںҲͨ棬øɽлԸ֭ϣֹDZѸ֮Ҳ֭󣬵֮ȣôӡȼӸɽ޵֭ز½طԽȥҲ
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ʲݶˣɽǿ˿ӴһöȥƤưƬ֭ϣ
ζˮȡһϣȥңֶ֭·

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ʲݶģһöȥƤưƬɽ ˲һ
ζˮȡһϣȥңٷ

֦ǰ
ֹʹݡͣ˹֦Ҳ

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 ˸ʲݵδԽ󶬰Һ֦η֮ʹ󶬰֮˶Ҳ˷Һ˸ʲݲõκ棬˸ʲΪ˻ҺܸȴǽҺ˻֮Ҳᣬά֡ศ˶ͨʽ¾˷ΪӦηһʪˣһȶˣһ²˶ʪһ˶

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 ˷Ŷ֤Ϊյηһ                             
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 θľȲ֮Ҳ                                        
 ˸Ͳ֮Ҳ˷֮磬֮                                                     
 ˷֤ǶӦηľԱ                               
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ҽѧѧѧѧͨŷƪƪѧƪ۵塣Χ㡣δѧδɶҲ
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ң֮зҲںԿ֮к֢֢ʪ֢֤֢֤֮ߣʱƪ
ƦƦߣ麮תάҲʷ˷亮ʹ˶ͨݲν֮ɽǮҶּЧ亮ʹ˶ͨݲν֮ԣ֮ͨסɽй衣ҶУʱؼЧƦߣˣδڲͨ亮ʹ߲;߷ϣͨӡɼһҩ¡˸ʲݲ֮á亮ʹ֮ͨسŲ𣬲ˡԴƣѧҽҪ
һʮ겡ˣˮҹʮһΣ쳣ѪࡣӣҽЧ΢СʳӰû˻Ȭ
˲ˮʪƫҲʮʼ㣬ƫҲҹƫҲѪƫҲ΢ʳƫҲʪƫһ˻֮Ҳ˸ʲݲУɽʪºϢ磬ȡᣬά֣УȺͺϣʪã羲ľ٣ɡͼ֮У˻ȻҲͼƪ
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ʮꡢ㱣ͣϸӲһӡҽЧǮǮˮ£һշ꣬ռЧһȬ
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һˣʳͷʹ飬ݡӡúڶʮṴ̃Ǯ裬˲ݣӦðľʳ٣ƢúڶľƢЧҲ
İβЧߣֻ֪ͷʹҽͷʹҽŲ֪η֪֮Ҳ
˷ɽȣΡ壬ʪƢѧľúڶЧľΰ˲ݸһǮԲ֮ڶǮ󽵵ԭһģкߣ޸ɽкҲ
֮࣬Ȼøɽ֮鲡١ð˲֮鲡˶ϵк򲻿øɽѧҽѧƫѧѧƫ 
ͼ⣬СøɽҺ𣬰βסей첻˼ʳɢҲͺ϶ɵԲ˶ƫˡԺᣬ¶߼ɷڻøɽԵģ֪أμDz֮֮ҩøɽкҲ
һˣȧࡢʳҽʳð˲ݲ֮󴭲ʳšȧθҽҺ㣬˥ˮݸɣزס𣬹ȧࡣƢʳθʳƢΪ࣬ҲθΪ½Ҳθ㣬ܽɹʲ˼ʳ˲ݺȣθˣȫ޽ʴ󴭲ʳš˲ݣѰƷòõ˴˵Բ˶֮ʱҩҩƫ졣ƫʢ֮һж֮ҩʼ
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ң裬֮ҲǺʪҺ֮飬ɽ ʪﺮʪҲ
֮Ϊ˸ʲݲУ˲ݺ󷴾ظߣ顣˽Һ㣬 ɬʲ˸ʲ֮ԡñǣǾȣðǡ֮ңҺֲܲҩߣȥζɽҩⶹŴ׾ѡԾۣͿԷ֮ؼء飬ѡеУйƽҺݣͣ˶ȥ͡ߣҺ̫ݣⶹ಻ãˮҲ
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֮άᣬά֣У顣ۺβд棬˼ѧҽȴѧȻһ⣬ͷͷǵһειԴɽҺһǮɽֻһ֣֮Ҳɽк֪к֤֤֮ݡʹ֦֤ڷȺ֡Ⱥйҩй֤֮ҲΪ飬˸ʲݺ油֤֮Ҳ֤ڶʹ֡ʹй֤֮Ҳ֢֤ҩ֤֮ѧøɽ֤֮Ҳ֤֮΢΢ʣǡ裬ϵʶά֮ǽҩ֮кУº֮Уʳ䣬֮
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֤ΪIJȶߡ֮ˣȣ಻ʡʪʡʡʡʪߣˮʪ½˽ʶ³ߣθȣ³ߣοݷ綯˽ʶСҲʪʣ˺ɢ׻걾ƪ÷С
ŮˣʳȻᡣ顢ޡǮƾǮʮһ˷ʪҩ˼أʳᣬֹ֪֮κΡƫƫң鼫Ҳ 
ҵͷʹ麮ͣ١ͷʹεϵࡣҺ٣ľҲиξͷʹߡôܺһǮǮ²⣬˽ҩɢ֮ҩ
Уߡμ˲ܶʳ

Ŷ֤۵
ˮлˮнҺˮȫľ֮йҺ½ȫν֮νȫҺҺݣУ࣬٣ɸɿʺ֮Լ彵Һ࣬Ȼܰʪʪ󶬵ðģʪ֮ԾסΡݡ油֮ҩ֮תް֮󶬰ͬã֮٣֮ҩŶ֤вҲ˺˲ΰ׻ʯ˺ʡʯ󺮣Զ󶬡˲ξ״ת˲Գ֮Ŷͬһ塣Ŷ֤ʣʲʯ֮󺮶ʯ󶬣֪Ӧ֮ҩԻ˻ҩ֮Ʒʹܣ֮˲ΰ׻˺۶ƪ 
רθӲ֮ҩǽθ֮Ѵð˲ΰۣγʳĺ£Ҳ ˲֮ʺʺ˲֮ԣ̵֮ɿȡʸɲ󶬣ؼء֮ʸɣ²ƢθҺϷ֮ʡ
ƢθҺˮƢ֮ҩٷòƢ֮ЧҲ
һˣʺ߸ɣɽҩЧƢθ֮ҺƢ֮ҲһҽǮǮʸɸʳš󶬺󣬼Ƣ΢٣Ǯ΢֮ȫҲֱ֮꣬ҩ಻ܡ̷ζˮЧܿһнΪҩƷ֮ʧɱҲ֮٣Һ֮֮࣬٣Ī󶬡֮֮Ʒ֮
ʪﺮ֮һƫ˷ԣ˲Ϊаƫʤ֮ԡ 
νգΪһ֮Բ˶ɹĵһȻˣ̵Բ˶֮οС跽 
ȶ̵׽ճҹࡣ˷ȣΪ֮ȣŶЧ󣬸μҲ 
̵գ̵Ѫϸڿл̦˵θʵ͡˴浳˲ݣ춬󶬱ĸٲԷ硣Բϸ˽֮ڳȣֱ˼ӡڿ̦ƣУδ²ɬ֮ʡͨ粹У֮Ʒϸ迪ҺѪֹòβݴ棬ᣬҺݣȸѪ࣬˷Ч󣬿ɼӵԲѪ̦ˣɽҩⶹԽƢθᣬʼղ֮ҩ˵ȲηپУ իҽϸ֮֮ҩؼءҩ֮Ҳϸð֣˽֮ʵʵáһҩһҩ֮ҽôɹ粹֮֮֮ˮˮ֮ѧ϶ù󡣰뵱ͬã濪ϸ֮ɢ֮Ҳ 
ںߡˮϡ̵̵ճȡϸ΢ڵζʳ١ζϸɽһǮζɽУϸˮ֮ҲϸζԽҩҽζֹΪμҩǣϸΪɢҩ 
麮ߡ̵ػƳճ̵ŧ컨Ƥ彵²⺮棬ͷ΢ʹȡƤĸһǮǮ˸ʲһǮǮԲϸߣصһǮѪ˷Ϊͨ÷ɢɢ֮Ҳ
ڷߣҹȡ˱ľӰľľϳҲֵһǮԵľһ˲һǮԲƶ̶ڶһѣŨǰľƽЧ 
Ѫߣΰ˸ʲݵִܺظһǮԶߣСˡ˲ʵȽ֮ҩػ
ڽҺɿߣԺ󣬽Һ㣬ÿҹԣҹ̵ɿȣʱ³ϡ˶֮ϳ塣ûƶһѣײһײ֮ϳ壬ƶҺľľҲھνʪؿԡǴ˲ڽҺˣʪ֮ҺҲ˲˷Чҩ
̵С㲻ߣڶǮ÷ǮСȼ̵ֹߣˮҲ÷ľйˮСȼֹ÷úڶ֮÷Ӧ䷨ʱȷΪǡ߲ûƶ÷öһ 
ھƻߣ»Ƴ̵ʳɫơðױⶹƶһѣûƶʳʪθ֮ҲɫҲⶹʪθƶ֮ʪ˽ҺθӺȶθֽԵʣʳƷʪȶõζ֮ʳԡҩݺ󻼡ƶƲθƢ֮ҺʪƢ
пƻվֶգ̵׳ճ׿ȳࡣ󣬹ָذ飬شʢس΢ʢ΢ж˷ѰЧô֮һ׸һⶹƶǮԲľҺţϥʵƤĸǮԽθŨС
ҹɿ̵鸡Ч鸡֮󡣴ͨЧͷǮ 
̣Ϊ档ʸǮʮöŨ౾ԿҲ 
Сƪοȷ˲οɢΰҹȣʵ
Ϳδвߡο֮ҩ˷֮ҩҩͷ֮ҩҲþŴ׷ۣСˮԲһһͻͣСը΢ơľװϰСʱ˻ˮϡʳɷΡһնΣʳ뱥йЧҩ֮֮ȣЧŴײܲը油͵ԣңȶʧ߳ȵ޷֮ҲͿԣϸ˷ϸתתв˼֮
Ϳԣк̵ˮζӸɽϸ֤ζӸɽϸһǮһʳŴ׷ˮԲζɽϸ֤ζɽϸҽȶ̵岻ˮ֮ɱˡζɽϸ֤麮ע⡣ 
Ŷԭ޿Զ֡ʵʺ̵֮ԡƪһ󶬣޲ҩв顣˲ҲʺֺϿԡ˳£ԡʺԵټҽʱǴ˲̵Ϊȣ̵Ϊԡ
ΪȫĽҺ㡣Ŷ֮ҲŴ׳ͣβǣһ룬֮ҺϽɬŹЧͲֹһ룬Ͷʳθߣʳﶬˣʳһм۹֮֮ͨˡ 

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˷ҩߣڼľҲˣ𽵣Ϊã١ 
ҩרľԺζ࣬粻ǽ֦֮ζͬãຮ֮Իϣ 
컯֮֮ϵ𣬽£ˮУԶΪһ֮Ϊ֮ǶʽľΪ֮󷨣Ϊ֮ؼϵȫνӡ
˲ԣΣ֮ԲΪΡ½ȫν֮ԲνɢʧܽȲֹ޸ˮܸľ֮ݽߡ𣬲Ҳ 
˲ԣԭνսȻܡֻҪľܽУ˷νظν½Ҳο֮ҩ˽ҺȷءҶʿνҩξ⼴ˡ˲ΪΪδ֮Ϊվã𻵣˷ҩˡپ֮δ֮Ȼ֮֮ô˷ΩЧءʼߣҩ֮󺮣á˲ݴζܾӿȡѻߣԷԺݶϸʳ٣ҲԳΣѻΪΡ 
ͲʮǰߣȲֹΣ֮ʮԺߣɲȣΣաʮΪİ֮ڡİˣˮ̶ˮܲػ𣬹ʲȡŮ֮ˮ̶Ҳ
֮ΣνӡηԽ֮Ҳڶ֮䣬θϲ彵Ƣϲ½θ彵ƢΡǰֺá 
ҩһҪ֮ҩζҪиﷳ֤֮áҪֹʤ˸θҲǰܻ֮з׼̫Сз֮ѹϵ̫ѹȥԺѹѹࡣ컯£㣬µ㡣ҩ֮ΰ󣬵ϵأθ㣬ʴҩ׼йʱйҡҩຮ֮ò֮ˣ߽϶࣬йҲʥ˴ﶬһ֮䣬ǰߣú֮Ҳߣ֮ҲָŶԡ²ƪҩ֮ʱ֮ҡ֮ʱ֮ȣ²΢ϳ֮ȣǵ֮ȡ²ƪ٣ԿɿҲҩӦоÿຮ֮ҩɢ֮ҩСȣӦ֪Ĺϵ䶳֮ظע⡣
ΪѪͨؼϵĤΪ֮˾ͲѪͨĤɬ֮ʡСͨѪ岻ʣЧšʹʹҩDz֮ҽҲ֮ξҲ
Ͳɻ뵱鲢áԲҺʪϣƢΨҺ㣬õ鵳ʱһǮЧβ֮Һ鲹ˮ֮ҺľҽľԲ˶ʧ࣬ЧεãڲݲߣβܲءβΪΣ½½οû֮εΪϵ֣Ϊҩ֮ɲ֪ 
֮ΣϸɬΡС֦֮ɢԺҩ֮˲ݺ֮ʲԺҩ֮˷ʹľ֮Բ˶չͣϸɬ֮ת͡תߣ֮Ҳ罪ǵķ٣ʺڵҩҩҲߡϸ֮ϲҩ֮ຮҲϸҲϸδľ꣬пΪϸɬӡɼͲ֮ҲСžͷڽͷξҲξľڵ𣬵ͷ˺ҩ𣬽ˮľøͷҩͷҩﶯľΩͷԺžظءνţ֪ʳʱ֮ȫڸε˶֮Բε˶Բһ飬һ͡СͨξžһɷˮɣνҲ
컯Բ˶֮ɹȫ²سɵġԲ˶ȫɵ𣬽ˮ֮гɵġһ˶Բ֮СʵҪԭв֢ȫ˻ԭ֮һ˶Բ֮˵رע⡣
ʳθȱ仯ǣθں󷽣ڸอȫ塣θں󷽣ϵڼ֮˴Ǵ洢߶࣬׳洢٣˥ʮָ½ΪȫԿھνʮһ֮ȡڵԵʮָ½ȫͨҲСǣҩʻʹӶ࣬ܲˮӣֽ֮Ҳ֦
ѿɢҩƽͨС֮뼮֮ԼƫȻÿп˷֮оӦҲö֮Ƣʪ̣ǡǼѿǡ
һһͬãɹĩÿһǮʤС֮鵨֮ˣʮָʿ𣬲Сζ߷֮θͨ½֮Чգʧಢθڸľﶯ֮г֮δִ󽵵ζͬãԲ˶֮dz֮١ζ٣ʱ֤ϡ󲡼٣ҹߣΪȣüӰ֡˷žЧ֮ͨҲθ֮ߣּ롣˷ο
ͬѧس䣬¶󣬽ʱdzѪղϸӻһͶ¶½ֶࡣľӣĴνˣdzѪԲ˶Բϸ˲òѪܼ֮֮Ч֮ЧѸҲ֮ȣǼӻ֮飬ǻ֮ȡ鼴ȣȼ顣뼦ӻƻϣȲ飬ȡȲȣ顣ӻȣ󺮣½֮ͬɫ»Ѹ٣͵ѸٶֹҲЧɴּ֮ӻƻ֮鲡ӡӻһöһǮ͸ȥȡ֮ͨһѪз纮ߣӸɽһǮкߣʳɽ
ţһһǮˮһ룬ֶηǶһС֮֮󡣰죬÷ţDzȥƤշ֮ٿɿʳɶãá

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޲кߣߣľߡʹкߣߣˮߣлߡвʹкߣߣľߣѪߣˮͣߡ
˷޲ڸξߡξߡҴϸʵùֵػ衣ԵľػˮľȡľߣֵػӿйľҩÿζǮÿζ֡١
 ˷θвʹڸξߡڸξߣвʹкƣкس߳ϸعָùֵػǮöȡľߣҩ˸ʲݸǮӿ֡ڻߣֻ̿һǮߴ֤֮ظʹܰҲԳɬѪߣʹƣ֮ʹʺ컨ĸڡˮߣɢţӡˮߣв±ˮҲи°ҹвʹ̣С˰Ǯ֣ʹֹӡ̿⳴̿
ãܷdzһŮʹҽô˷ЧһСȻӶҳгѪ֮ҩʼ֮¸ξ֮κȥȸԸҲƫƫ֮вֹˣȲס
ξľ֮ϲ¶񺮣ȶ㣬ĻĻ֮㡣ʶʳ⣬꾫ӡľÿ絭ʳһҲĴҽ˲ù֦֮ʡֻҪƽεξˮˮл㣬ľ֮㡣ΩľҸľﲹ֮Ҳˮ֮ʲҲľƨضࡣ˽ҺľɱӡľޱӶγбӣбӶγޱӣܾľ֮¡ľáľߣξ֮ʡ粻ˮˮ͡θߣνҲʳ⣬кҲ

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нֱηΩˮ޵ֱηˮ֮εػ̸֮νˮ֮Դ̸ˮԶźˮ֮·Ҳʵ̸֮ҩܲˮ˷С࣬С㲻ɼľ̫֮ˮˮ㣬ľ֮ʡ˷ľˮøƬˮҺ㣬֮Դ˷Ϊ󷨡
˷ҩ𸽰ζ裬𸽵ػ衣ҩ裬衣СţϥǰС㡣вáΪС㲻ҲС̫ߺաľй֪֮Ҳ
˽˷ȥ𸽣ζػ衣תˮ㣬йЧ֪ȫDzˮ֮ˮ֮ԴˮԶźˮ֮·ˮ޺ġˮҲˮвˮл֮ԴҲߣԪҲ֮Ҳ
˲ȫΪҺߣζ֮ҩνˮҲ֮ˣɿݣζ֮ͣζػ貹ˮֵػ貹ˮֻľûľ֮ҩθӡ
ˮˮڻΪ˳ԵΪ˶֮Ϊ˶֮ʼˮڻˮУˮˮܰػֱԽ˶𡣴˷Ӽ٣ɽҩػƵƤǶ࣬Ǵһ֮ﶬһ֮Ժ𡣹ֻֽҺ㣬㡣ˮ֮øˮһȫˮٲˮһѲҲС㲻ֿڿߣˮ顣ȥ𣬲ȥкӳǰͬˮϻ飬ʲøкˮǰ򣬹֮к
࣬ҩӻ಻ҩ̸ֻˮˮ࣬Ԫ㡣ˮٶҩˮ٣Ԫ޸ӡȥ𣬴˲֪֮ҽҲ
ӴˮøӣˮøӣʣܽеζʹˮӴ˲ܰػΪС
֤֮ܲø⣬֮㣬֤֮Īذ죬ƽ֮ƷԴΪ׵ӲȥĤʪ̣䣬θǿ߽ʳӣθ߽ʳаĤضࡣˮˮ󡣴˷²ƽ󡣷첻㣬֮ˣԿɷΪ֮ʳܶȣ䶯ȡ֮Ʒ֮ߣ溮øӣߣٶʳҲ
Ϊһ֮Ϊ֮֮Ϊ֮˰˾ʮ꣬ҹС㣬ʳ糣˱ƽձ֮Чˣʳ£˷裬Ч輴Ҳ
ˣ֮䣬΢񺮣ҹ΢ȡ΢ڿʳƣǿʹ֤֮Բв÷ɢҩ񺮺ɢ֮סֱ֪֮ܿð˸ʲݲ֮ҩ˲֮飬Ĺϵ費ЧѸ˶ʳԲЧ˲֪Ƿˣڶ֮ʱˮ㡣嶸Ȼʣȫߣ˿֮ΪӿȪѨѨ£ʶաĺߣˮ֮ףˮҲ
Сࡣ߸ľʧ綯ĽҺʿʡ綯йС̫ࡣδ󲡡߱ԭɺ̶СһöڶһѣʳЧ˲ʿ𣬷Dzľ֮ء˷һΪѪ֮ƷһΪʳ֮δڶˮˮ㣬ˮƽйֹҿ𣬼飬в˼֮ƷƫȣֲʣֹΩ˷֮ã壬ˬ֮ȴѡδֲֻ֪ҲȽˮһСʱȥˮ룬Ӻڶһѣ΢СʱȡΣȥɳ裬ȥʳξȫҲɻ졣ʳ٣ҩ֮ߣٷ˷Բ֮ԴЧʱʱǰ£Ч󡣷죬֢ͨԿɽӺǰ컯ת֮Ժ꺣κڶˮ֮֮ҲߣСڶŨ֮ʤʳҩ
 ʮƱң㣬аʮ֮١ˮвػ֮ˮܲػʧͼй֮⣬֮౳ԽɢҩɻҲʳֽ̣վƣţԵ֮֮ҩʹ١ܸҩˮ֮ʡǰν߱٣ӡԫν˵ʮԺ½֮ҩ˲١ʵʮԺ󣬽˥ӡߣҲҺҲˮ֮ԴҲԫͷƪࡣ
ȷʳиϺ㼦ţһоƺ²Ҳϸ֡ÿѼһöʮʳˮܲΩӸδϿߣ֮С֮ߣ֮˷ȷҩͯҹЧ
С㲻ߣߣߡ顢΢˷߰˷÷˷ǰݡʪ÷²ǰɴǰƢ÷йС㲻ֹľͣɬС㲻˺֮ɢʵ˲ݸһǮľͨЧַӡ΢ƪ
һʮˣС֮䣬鷹٣жȴɢ踽һǮպͷΣķһǮһնԼȫ괺ӣжꡣ˲ҲУֺ֮֮˲вʷ֮ͷΡ裬ˮвԲС֮䣬֮ʱʱˮУԽЧش󡣷о裬˷ѣо֮ʱ˲Զҩˡ˲ˮҲΪļҩʳҩν֪ҽ
һļкʢ˾ƥ֣Ʀ΢ķҡΣߣҹضϸӴ̶к飬Ч֮Զ࣬ز֮֮ӡηк˸ȴٷ֮裬ҹ֮кزЧ
ʱ֮лٵáʵζС㳴ɽǸһ²֮ظԲ֮ɽҩ߸һԲνƢţϥԶ־ʯѸһͨʹ֮Ʒ֮ͣȥ֮²Ԣ֮塣ÿһǮ˷ĽDZ裬̲֮ҲٵƢθ麮ʳ˼ȵžǣ𣬼ݣ֫뵡֢Զ־á裬˽˼Զ־־ΪܲѧҲٵ֮ڴ̲ҩУ̲֮֮á˷ƫȣֳ֮DZƫ֮
 εС̫ࡢл֮鲡øƬڵػ֮֮УԲˮ֮ľ֮ľøйбС١Թڳİʵ֮С̫࣬ǻЧʵϸҹ뷳꣬ڿʺ֫䡣֮Ի̦ʱʱˣһҹСʮΣ˯ѣΡûߣİҲͬ־پ겡ˣð־ջȣȣԽԽİЧڿʽҺҲҲ֫䣬ȼȾڣܴҲԻ̥ʱʱˣ֮磬İʵҲθ̥֮ʱʱˣزҲİ𣬶Ըľľ˲Ҳ˯ѣС˶࣬˯𣬻ҲʵҲϸҲ֤֤һһʵʵ顣ò֣ãɡ
ʳһζϸ̷һǮˮ˫ɴ衣飬ܸߣҩˡ׹ʳʮöС̫֮࣬С̫ࡣ
С㲻²֮ҩʼ㷴кɡ˸飬ľȡһöֶǮ֪ĸǮԲ֪Ҳ˷ȡ

ƻ˻к֤۵
ˮԽĻĻ½ԽˮˮߣҲĻ½ߣҲˮ򻯺裬øºĻ𲻽ȣкôƻкȡߣݳζɶҲ֮ӡĻİ𣬷IJؾ𡣾𲻲
ͬȥ֮֮⣬֮ʹ£ˮУȥҲ˽֮⣬λ֮巨ȥ˻֮ʵߡ˷˻֮ߡ
֣塣½֮Ͻ֮½Ļ㣬Ļ֮㡣ϵĻ㣬²ľĻ㣬Բľ֮Ļ㡣
Ѫߣƻк˲֮ߡȲ顣ʴ˷նԤУΪλ֮󷨡Ѫ֮ʵߣŭ֮£εʵڸεѪذк֮Уκ͸Σɢ֮ƷӡѪ˴³ǿѪ
ѪֹºʢνѪСðҶɽУҶľǮһ½ѪҺ΢Ҳ·ѪС²ůѪ˹ҩʱѪ³ȣΡ
ѪֹʮշһΡðҶ⣬⣬ʳЧΪľ麮֮ľľѪСҴ󣬻΢ҶΪ麮֮΢Ҳ²ľֲйƤϣ²ľ֮ƷҲѪֹ֮Ѫ˴ѪǿѪǿѪ֮
кѪҶкѪѪϵһ¼ΩͿԣ̵дѪΣҲ
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Ѫδϸߣвò˽֮ҩʹ֮תϸҩ£ܸŴ׸ǮԲ֮ɽҩⶹǮԲ֮ɽҩ油ȥʪԵͰ׼Ŵԣʹ֮ʳǶǮȶսʯ֮֮νһǮʶƿҶǮԽֹȡڶǮľҡڶƢľʹϳ壬Աν֮Ϊ˲Ҫҩ֮˲˷ҪΪҹ˼ӿʵһĩÿǰ̷ܰҹܽ˻ˮ֮Уν԰Ը˺ûҲʳһŲʳŴװٺɽҩӱⶹ̶ɳͣ࣬Դ㡣ʳ󲻾ȣܲ׸١ʲ𻵣ԭҽ˲߲ЧҩӲҲ
ڱ֤ﲡʪ֮ﲡڿʹŶáʪʳ˲ݲҶǮҶʪΣ˲ݲСŶزУɼбҲ˾ڣѪȺΣ˵оҲٽͷˮ֮ƵˮԳĻĻ𽵣Ѫ龭ͷƪ
 һʮ̵ѪעǸƶΡ̵дڴѪ𼴿ȣڰ죬ȫ졣ʹ·УߣǰdzѪ󸹣ʹкϡˮʮΣСʮΣȣ¾٣ʳʣ˯಻ȣ߾ޡù꽺ʰҶǮһѪֹȼڶԶȥҶӻǶǮ뱳ȽԴСԭ״ʳ˯áһΪر𣬵ڶ󣬶ƤжٳУɺǰ϶£ͷ¡˯֮󣬾ٱҳУࡣһ룬öǮʮʼȫԲҲ˲ò֮ҩԲ˶ʧò˶֮ҩʹȻԲ˶ǰҽ˲߾ޣƽ֪ȣ˷֮ȡѲ֮ҩDz֮ҩ֮ˣɲɲ˶ǻõģ˽Dz˶ģעǸƶΣ򲻽ȿȡȲ½ȿȣּԲ֮ҩˣ½dzѪ˶౧绷Ȳ½ϣݡǸʹкѡСΣҲ淢ߣں󣬲½ǰҲͷƤٳУߣ֮ͷɶ½Ҳ꽺ҺԸνӡҶշȡʴ˷Ч˲ѻѶʮ򡣴˷ʮգҩʲǧԪҽԲ˶ԭƾβ֮Ҳҽò˶ҩ
Ѫߣ춬֪ĸɣƤʰְƸʲݸһǮöͬ󣬵ȥǣ꽫¾һСףҩڣӡʳʳҩһһѪʺߣҩΪǮϸߣתͻڲʹ߽ʹ߽ˣ֮زЧ˷Բ˶֮ҲѪֻв֮֮ҩΩЧԼӲΪһɲ֮ҩ֮ҩܻϨʳƢ֮н֮޽֮ڴӲضҩ֮ʹҩ֭뵰ڣһԲ˶ƢθҽԲ˶ԭ˽ʳ˽֮壬²ҩü֮ʶζ޷ҩ֢õ֮Ѫ߲ɷ˷һһÿշ֮ҩҪס

˸ʲ֤۵
˷󶬰ʣ֮Ʒ󲹽ҺѽѶ£ֽҺ֮󡣽Һת֮תҺֱܸҺת˻ϵʵϣѧ˼ά͸õ䣬ܽҩѡ鲡ķҩֻ֪󣬲֪СУԲܲ󡣽꣬ҺҺתҺɶ֮ҩ˽ҺҺ֮ҩҲ˽֮ϸͨһϸɬ˲ݲ棬ӡ

ʸʲ֤۵
 ʱ֮°ijƤ߸ʲݣΪ̵ͨԶƦЧߡ֮Ҳҩ˽򡣰ֻȥ̵ȥʪҩȥʪ˶ʪȥҩȥʪʪҲ
ʪܳʪģ͸ʵġ̵̵Ϊ̵뿪ʵҽС㣬ΪȥʪšȻֻȥ֮ʪȥò֮ʪ֮ʪʪδʽ͸ʿɷȥ֮ò֮ʪѽʽ͸ʪʵĽҺ϶֡С㣬Դ˽Һڷ֮УϸηԻ󺹳ʪȥ΢΢ʪȥԻᣬС֦ȥӰ֮ʪҺ϶֣ط΢΢󣬲ȻʪҺֿʪȥСʪҺֿܷȥ֦֮йС㣬ӰͣҺʹᣬСȽϼ١ʪҺֿʪȥϸ֮η֮Чֻ֮Ͷ΢Сʪȥ֮ϸΪʪδȥ֮ʪ֮ȥȫ˶Բľ͡ϸ֮˶δԲľδҲ΢΢СΪ˶Բʱ֪
 վ꣬һ˳²ð첡ðԷȲˡʳζΩʳζϸɬڹǡʳƶʳ롣һҽô߲ľͨкȳʪ֮Ʒʧߣƣߣ̣ͷˡʳȡ˲֮ʱʪƢطʪ֮ƷƢθҺƢˣɢܶơˣܲضʧߣߡҺ˾ضɢȥͷǺȻҲ˲̣Һ㣬֮زסййС֮ʡȲ˼ʳй֮ݡʱøɽ˲ݣ浳λƾܻѧҽѧģβֻ֪ΪƢʪʴ󿪳ʪ֮ҩΣΣաҲһҽˮףкȳʪ֮ҩһ̣ʹͷƪƤ
һףС㳤࣬ޡҽҰʪΣ׷ӡðÿշ֮٣ٰ³𣬻׽һζȫΪɫľΪơľ֮Ҳ˷ľ֮Ҳ

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ʧ߳򵨾⣬θߣ÷ǮǮöרθ棬油θ˽ңҲƽͣҹ޸ε֤ߣǡ
򵨾ߣҹƷͣ򵨾ȸξȣƨ࣬Ǯ彵ȣЧ
 ʧϸСߣΪˮͿݣΡ쵤ϪDZЧƹƱ״ظˮưس֪ĸţϥƤǵָһϸĩͬΪ衣ⲻзܵΪȡ˯ʱ̷˷صβ֪֮ش󺮲ˮҽⲹ֮²ξ֮¹ˮţϥƤҩԽֵ࣬ľ֮˷ϸСһ޲Ч
һʮŭĿӣ಻ӣͷĿΣÿձ¶Σδ³кʳƽķ̦֮΢ɫ飬⣬߽١ҽЧDZ裬һǮһգЧӷһ롣һȫ٣Ϊ֪ز֮ݡ˷ȫڻǣ²ľ֮Ϲ֪̲ľ֮ͽ֪֪һܣʧٲʳ㻵˷֮ϸ֮϶쵤Ϫ֮Ҳľ˴˷֪ľ֮ľ֮顣˷νܾԲ˶֮˲֮ߣҲߣҲ֮ƫ֮Ҳ̲Һ²ãǡϲѪ֮Ʒ֮ҡо˷Ҹε֮֮Ӧӡܽľƫ֮˲Ҫҩ
ʧ飬Ŵ׷ˮԲըǰʳ뱥ЧΰַʧЧξͨӡηǰ
СǺأڰҹʧʱ̼֮ܵ˯Լ˯ǵ֮Ҳʧ߲ԲµΪΪƾҩؾִΪס֮ˣʳкߡ
 ͣͨܣܻһбš֮ѡü죬Ƽͳ͸ϻɫˮˮϣȡͷ֮ܲůҩܼʧʵͣ𣬹ƽͣÿʳ׼ѡÿʳһʳЧҹʧߣϽʳҶһּЧԲ֮⡣ʧ߽϶ࡣ

ͷ֤۵
һҽͬһͷ֤ҽðͷԻܻư֮󺮣˱ͨҲðͷƤƤưءּɽҩⶹ֮˷֮ԭؼƢ֮ӡɽҩⶹߣƽ֮ԣοຮҲ
˲˺ξ֮˺ﲡһʤʢ֮ȣ󡣷ûȴ֮ζ֮˸ξȣسСңֵػˡζػӹ֣ľҺ֮Ҳ˺һʤ˺ƪ
ô֮ҩΩҪҪڵ֮ն֮꣬Ƚʵ֮꣬Ƚ顣֮֮Ƚ顣ﶬ֮Ƚʵ컯µ֮ʵµ֮ʵӦ֮ʵʵ顣ﶬ֮ף֮ɢ٣٣顣䣬򶬲֮ɢ֮٣١顣飬٣顣һֱҪﴦ̫䵽Ⱦս֮ն֮£ȻȻ䣬˽ʵҲʵʵ֮ʵȻưص֤˿ûư֮ҩϸأѩޱ 䡣Ҷ²࣬ҽ԰ҩ֪һأ֪Բ֮Ȼνʵ࣬Ϸ鲡ࡣطϺϵطҲи֮һŶ֮֮ۡʱͬ
 ھۣڴijնصIJرӣҽȴʹʹѧ֮Ҫ졣ضЧ춼಻ܼЧӲɡӲߣװҶůξȻЧҲ֮أˮȲ֮࣬Ԫر٣η֮ϲҶ֮Ҳ֮ˣڴǰһ֤֮ǰ֤֮֮˱ƪԶز֮أرҲԲ֮Ϊƾ֮أ֮Ҳ
֮ľ֮ࡣֵػ裬轾յػ輫ϻˡӢҽΪθľ֤ͷθľ֤֮ľҲǰ˶֮رע⡣ѧвɺ

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ľйľһڶľɿ
һߣľתľ͡ľ㲻תˡ첡ʳ飬Ǵ
ڶˮߣͬˮһ紵ˮ͸ˡؾ߽ҺɡľйܲأҺݺҲҺݺģͨٲͲȣɬݣǴ
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ߣ𱾿ľľйľ˲й֮֮תľͷ羲֮Ȩľ綯ɿϷ٣вӡգйˮ޸ԽͲԲֹǴ
Իߣٲ֮֮ҲľˮԲԻټҲ
֮ľ֮Գڽ֮աǽˮأľ½ˮůľºֻ͡Ļ𣬲׽ɺͣת֮Ȼ͡Ȼ
ǽն֣ʵڲСգľĺԿɲ֮ɿҲȶȫܣȫƽϢ֮޴棬ӡԴ˷ɽҩξ֮ƽҲ
˲˷תһػԲ˶Ը˼֮ȫӡ
ˮ𽻼ˮᣬء֮ˮ롣˷нľ֮ˮ֮ҲԵν½ˮľ½𡣹ʴ˷ֻнľ֮ˮ֮С 
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ҩԣԳǼɰƵȣЩɢҩΪҩľҲľйɷ磬й֮зɢ֮ҩйΪη֮ҽѧ˲ڿһߡ޹ɢҩ֪ȻҲѧ亦߶ӡ

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ȲãԼк֮ΪȲã˱˴ǣ֮⡣ҩ϶ϣʵ֮϶кɽ䡣϶壬䲻ȷҩؼӲ
˲麮תУάͣ١Ӧ½Ļ𣬳֮ȡȳȣȥȣַάܸ֮˵Ȳ࣬кеãӦ
ѻαѪøӻ˲ݰػơø֮ԣл֮ԡ֮ԣðػ֮ԡøӡˮľҲðˮľʪʪľйҲðػƣľйظйҲ϶䡣Ǻã˴ǣҲɵġںϵģһһġԲ˶ġ룬ֱʺʪ磬Ҳ
Ⱦƣ첡Ѫգӡ䲡ƣȣȣ鲿΢ͣͣСӲͣʱʱжȡС̡Ϊһ󶬰ַĸǮܺһǮʸǮ˲ƣʪҲȣѪȥľݣʪľȡľҽȡľͣͣظҲʣʪ󶬰İ֣󽵷ϵθôܺξε͡ľ֮֮˻ΪͣʲøʲҲ֤ľݣСȲ͡˲ʪľݣȶ֮϶ʪӱ䡣϶ľͣ󶬴ܺ䡣ҩҩ١컯֮ܽȻ磬ȿȽӡ˶ԲѪԲҲ
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ߣ˥Ҳ²ߣ˥ҲȻ֮ƫ˥ʵǰ֮ƫʢʵȫҪƽʢ֮άϵס㡣ʢ֮άϵס㡣ߣƫʢ֮𶯣Բ˶Ȼ룬ƫʢ֮֮һ㵹Ҳٵƫʤֻֻ顣統ʱ֮һԵʢ֮һͺϣ˶Բ޲з㵹֮¡ʢ㣬˥ӡʢ㣬˥ӡһƫ٣һƫ࣬˶ԲӰ졣ʵ˻Ҳ
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δ֮ȣסͷѣʹ𻨣ٸȣҹ꣬鳸̵ϳ壬жѣΣҶ٣ҳϸӲɬ
ڴʱϽ̽Һȥľν𡢽֮ҩʹѪ裬ͨھ֮Сã˻Բ޺󻼡ƫʢƶ̫ƽ֮ҲȻ뱾˼ʳȴ̼Ч
˲Ѫ岻ʣֻ֮õ֮ҩͨѪȻԣȻҲ̦θ֮ͣࡣѪѾãѪʺ컨֮ࡣҺɬɽɢ಻áʲݺ಻á˼ӱҩøζ͡๦ؽҲ
֮ͨÿҹ֮ʱ֮ʣ峣иоһά˶鵽䣬شάά֮ʡ
νззл̵ʪ֮֡ʵҲ̵ҲҲʪҲڷ硣˷˱ľ֮磬ȴǷ纮֮硢ƽμҽҺľľν֮ܽľʢ˥룬ɰ졣ľˣʻ̵ʪľ֮Ҳڻηλ̵ʪ֮ҩҲͨѪӻѪ֮ͨƷܼЧȼӻˣƤʵ̵Ӱǣʪ߰ںɽҪҩҲΩз֤֮֮˼˳ͷĴƪҩ˳С
˲ҽʱ֮ͨʥɢءͨʥɢ󿪴ϣͨɢҡڷ綸𣬺Ȼ㵹ʵʵ̵ʵʵ֤֮ͨ뷽ϣԵЧҲʵֻʱ֮ʵͨתٲη
˴֮ͨҩ󹦺꣬ҩɼ֮ڲ岻㣬ѪͣɬߣǻβҽҲ½ڽϸߣáΪ֮˿֮ʹǿҲβɻΣ֮ʡ˵˶֮
˥ܣÿ仯겻оȫڷζ˻ζǮ˸ʲһǮڶǮκ沢ãѪֲ˲ݲУڶ١˶Բֹ䶯ϴ۲˺֮˶ಡʱð֮زûԲ֮ΣسԲ˶Իеĵλò֮ͬơйãáѪҺҡʵԲ˶Ƿġ֮򲡻ĹϵзҲϵĪСеIJ򺹳ҲΪԲ˶ְ˾ڸηΣԴ֮еߣе͸ηζߣвߣвߡϵѪҺĹϵҲ
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ܻΩ˶ԲȫѪ֮̿γθϻֹ˶ԲиΪãศУЧ١Ժ󣬳мãɽ̰ɫϻÿǰգ̷̷̿֡֡飬һʵҲ󼴷Ͱǿˮ弦һöԸ֮ʳ֮ϸɬߣʳͣظˡѼɵʳ͡ǰʳܲʳѼ¡֮ңСʳƷβ֮Ѷҩ뱾Ʒּ֮ҩ䲹θ֪
һʹѪ¡Ωعʹʹֱ䣬ϽءҩΣΩζ̷ʮԲЧ
ְܾ٣øޯ׸Ǯ˸ʲݶǮöͨ

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ѪΪѪΪķֱ𡣸ѪΪ֢Ŀڣ״ƾ֤ɶϵġѪΪ֤績˾ͣգʳӼݣʳգࡣСᣬȣ࣬ɫࡣСҹ䣬˷һ󣬻ĻţŻ޹ккվãΣվžվð״ͣѪɵIJͣѪȫͨʲ֤Ѫ֮ҩʺ컨֮ЧѪڳθǸɵģѪСԸ״Ŀڡ¶׵ѪɣѪУȻճ֤ͨѶҲһʮˣʳѡȻߵݣϲҹ಻ߡʵ಻顣лƸ̦ѪȽθҲʺ컨ƻ˸Ǯ˲ݶǮ˱ˣʮʱˣʺ컨ʼҲ
ּηΰЧ֮ͨʡС֤С
ԳΣԢʵԳΣΣδҲʲΣѻҲһȥ֮һʡܲԻָԲ˶֮

ĵ޲ӸӰܽɢ֤۵
ִνäײԸȥäΪΩһηĵ޲ӸӰܽɢäײϵ˶ȫΪΩһִη츴ӼӡܲҽԳһԲ˶Ĺܡ󲡽ÿڰҹ֮ʱоңγһ̫౧ԲռɫĵȥԲ˶֮Ͱʹ֮˶ѸٻָԲ޲Ӹɢⲹ䱾Բ˶֮ԭأʹ֮˶ָԲҲϸɵģϸ˶һϸ죬Բ˶ѡӸˣһвิˡν˶˶һֵIJ˶֮뿪˶ֲ˲Ҳξֲ˹ҽѧ컯֮Ҳ
累Ӹڸڣڸ⣬Ϊอ֮ʵΪݡ
һҸʹȲ졣ҽνäףٸϸ档ɢʱĸһɢʵ˸ʲݣʵͨθͣʲʱĸ͹ȶ͹ϸһ֮ͨãʲҲɢγӸ𡣴ĵγӸɡ޲ʸӰܽɢγӸѳɡвΣɻҡ
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˷粻ô浥ͤ£һܽкҲŧȥҺ֮ȥϵڽҺ֮УҺȥȥپУôҺ֮⡣
ηβҪвθͬߡˮľݣȺĽ֮ҩľȣľͣΩʲݲܡ
ξҽܽȻѺͣ͡ʸʲƦβҩʪѳ֮òҩ֮ԡزܡܣ飬޲ҩת䣬άؽȥֲɲӻôϢ֮
һ´к֤˽ñĸɣҶǮԴ£ͬЧĸɣҶŧ̵֮󡣵֮͡ԭҩسɷʺϲѧߡ

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˱컯Բ˶ĴʲôʲôннννννߣתԲ˶ҲߣҲԭƪ򱯣ޡ֪֮֮ƫʹȻ֮ƫ˻ʹȻ־ˣɫζˡ˵Ȳ֤̹֮Ҵɡη֮תά֮򵥣ףȴ鱾֮༫򵥣֮ҲԲ˶ѡ
һƶʮ꣬ÿս򱯿޲ֹ˰ա֮¾²Ӹɽذꪹֽζεΰ˸ʲؼ֤Ҳʢʽ粡˱޲ߡҲ棬֮ҩ
һֲֹδݣ֪֮¡пδֻδԻijӡΪ̵̵ȥֲֹΩ̵Ҳ

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θ˲ͳΪ鴨ֵܺػơνΪŮѪΪ˰ٲӼиӼĺһһ˳֮˺֮˶ӡ֪Բ˶ĴģŮҽܲԲ˶¾θŮ֤࣬ԲԲ˶¾֮ñͨθ˲Ӧ
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˲Ȳˡڶÿ֮ЧΪֹЧҲ̲ĺôҲ¾ɽǣá
ʳ˲١ѪȥˣɻθɽԼָΩʹΪѪ̷֣֬ԻѪʹ̷ּĸݻѪ̫ɢá֬ܲĸ߲ɹһǮ
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֦ΪܷйĴ󷨡ΪܺĴ󷨡Ϊη纮еĴ󷨡йר֦֮ͨҩרƽйҩڵģġ
ҽҩ֮з֮룬ˮ룬߼ȷ̺ȲȲߣ֮ЧãڵҲ
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ע֦֤Իмù֦Խ⼡ע֤ԻƤëɢ֦ҩ½Ǽз磬ҩķƤëλᷢȶ񺮣λǽʹԷ֮ɢ󺹳⡣ҩֺԷܺʥ˺ӲۣΪҽ⼲ҩ汾֦Ϊ֮˶ǰĴעһ˶У֪ԭ֮Ҳ
֦ΪеĵһСǹ֦ҩǣΪ͵ĵһһУһˡ֤⣬ҩͬڲҩ֮ͬУҳ϶Ѱ䣬Ȼʥ֮šȻ֪Բ˶Ĺҽѧһԭ֧һзȻ

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ġ˺ۡԻԻﲡԻԻԻอԻ֮Ƣ࣬θ׸θ֮࣬׸֮١ͼƽС˺֤ۡʵθƽСΪ޸̫׸֤׸ȣθȡʰ׸Ըθ˺һ飬֮һ١Ƥࡢٰꡣ˱ʶ֮֮Ϊθಡԣ̫׸θ֮⡣DZٲ򸭲ಡ֮Ȱ뺮ġ˺ۡԭȻȫ֤νϵͳӡ
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̫֮ȽС֢ʣ֢ʡ裬һºһʪһʪһȡȽԼ渹֮Ϊ˻֮Ϊľ֮ʪС̫ȣľ֮Ҳ
֤ʣΩ֤пߡҺҺҲȻʵij̶ȣֻСʶϰ׻˲֮ʣӡӦø֤֮ʲøӡӺ󷴲ʣ顣
֤֤Сھۣʽ֮࣬İ֮ʸಡľಡ֮ºҲ

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Իпڿʹ֤̫ಡпڿʹ֤
עʱƨΪɫһ£һк֮󣬾̶١ƨΪϡˮлɫϡˮ֮УӲͣ£们Զк˥ɿ졣
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ࡣȣಡһ֮֮һȴ޸ߣθ£อ֮䡣ʢθȣʢಡʵбֻоʱǿѰգԿڿ֤Ҳ
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С˺֮ÿ֮ȿڿ֪֮࣬ɢ˿ηСϵݣ˽棬ãַDzβݽ²ܳɲ֮Ҳ˺ȿڿ࣬˺ܶɢ֮ȣڿ֮࣬򲻿úȥӦ衢СɺΣ²ָиȻԲ˶Ȼ½ȿڿֹȷСɢʼ

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ŷƪǰΪѧʮΪѧһ˶֪ԭ˺֪²һԭҲ
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΢
΢٣ذޣ΢²˼ͼݶ٣ذУҺݣ󷨵ء˶٣һ˲һ߲Һ׺ᰴذ֮䣬Ѱ֤Ϊҩ֮˵ʲ飬飬Կ΢ֱ飬аҲ΢֣֮ƣ֮棬ѧ٣ף֣֮˺ۣ΢ϸøӡӪʣʯҲ
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䣬˼벹С飬ֻʵʵɢ֮ɷֲ֮Ҳ飬ɢھ۲ת֣ʵ֮״ϸС֮תսҲʳͣʳѪȾ۶ɢһۣ֮нߡںβںβɢɢͨɢ֮ҩ֮֮ҲƣںʳȻ֮ȴٲ棬м֮⡣

ɬ
ж󣬶飬ȲҺ࣬˽綦֮ˮ尾ڣҺ̶̵̣࣬໬̵ҺҲ»໬ҺҲ֮ذ֮㣬̵֮㡣ɬǣѪ飬ѪɬɬҾӣɬ絶ɳѪٽݹɬɬߣҺҲ㣬ɬͳ㣬ȻҺҲѪٽ֮ɬߣ֮ɬ΢Ҳ֮ɬҲˮľѪɬӦɬӦңͲ㣬ҽɬ

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չУҩйͨչйͨվۡ繭֮ңվ֮ľйľңᣬľңľ֮ľ֮ңľ֮ң֮ɢ֮ᣬȻľ֮濪ȥΨľй˲˻άϵչľ֮У֮ʤʤȻ֮ҲѼ֮ʵƢָҲҼΪľҲΪľйˮҲΪʹľҲΪ磬ľңӣܹʲҲθٹҲҩøҩ֮ңһ֮֮ԲΡ֮ҡ֮ҡҴ飬ݣ粡֮ңϸ֮ңȣ֮ң˲ľȥ
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ϸ
ΪʪʢϸΪˣʪ妣ϸˮУϸǣϸ妶ƻʪȣϸΪ飬֮ϸϸȣϸϸŹǣΪۣвϸʪ˽ҺϸڣʪˮҩвЧߣˮҩ˽Һ֮ʣʪߣ֮ľ֮й֮˻ȥҺˡ

С
С󲡽Сѣɣθʵвʢڸ˴Ϊʵ飻СвɴתС˽֮󣬴С΢ϸдߣذȶָﶯ֮ߣɣָذУо֤סذָ𣬴٣٣ҹ벻Ϊ飬֮أҹ鲻أ״̬Ҳ

ҸӲ
˼飬Ӳ֮УҸпգ򸡶飬֮⣬Ϊ֮󣬸ʵʯӲ֮⣬Ϊ֮ʧѪңʧӲμ֮⣬֮Ҳ妶񣬰֮֮ʵΪ֮ƣΪ֮΢Ҳʵ֮罺ճָƣӲ֮Ӳμᣬذ֤֮֮£ӲؿϸָΪȣӲΪ


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ƣ֤飬˱ۣʵڳνΪʵϴӡ֮ӣغңΪʵھ֮󣬺ңԭȣ֮飬ͨңɢգȣ˲ٺߣ֮Ϊգռȣȫ飬ҴΪʵȻʵ飬θʵҩΪʵʵθɢգһͨʵӡʵعǼʼ䣬̵գָϸ̽ǶԴ֮ʵ̵֮𲻷ʵӡ

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˶ԲԲ棬һ棬θ޺֣Ļ繳Ϲֻ֮֮иҲνëɬ֮󣬽ɢҲľңŹңѭУ֮йҲˮʯʯˮףֻ֮Ҳ˽޴棬ֱ֮ܵҲʳࡣƢΪ©ʱһ䣬ٻ֮ԴҲ֣֮ԻҲ繳ʯ绺ԹëҽʯԻһʤҲ

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ȶ塣вע壬顣ݡߣۺβҩߣۺβҩҪij̶Σܾҩ

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컯֮ɣȫ̫䵽ȣѹ֮µˮУˮ棬ɵѹˮСѭѳġѹ£˽֮ѹµȷزйˮ֮죬עյĽҲ۷ڵأעµˮҲ֮䣬ҲȡһСҲԶȡһСҲ
׾ϵϴԻ촹ףʥЧ֮ӳͼ飬ʥ֮ 
ͼʱƺ֮ͼߣȡΪҲɽٺؾ 
 
 ֮ͼһͼһϸͼ 
İɫǴԡĺɫǴԡ·һ㣬֮³Ϸ㣬֮ϸ㣬֮ҷĵ㣬֮½㣬
㣬Ϊʮ㣬ΪϵԲ˶ᡣ·һΪ㣬֮֮³ȻϸԳΪԲ˶ϷΪߵ㣬֮֮ϸȻ³ԳΪԲ˶Ϊ˵㣬֮֮ȻҽԳΪԲ˶ҷĵΪŵ㣬֮֮ҽȻԳΪԲ˶
׵ڵڵ׵Ϊֱ֮ԣΪֱ֮ԣֱֱ²ܳԲ˶ϣȻֱϲֱ¶Բ˶ȻҽԺȻܳԲ˶Ҳ
컯Բ˶֮ɡгиܽȺ֣֮Ⱥ֮
ͼʾ컯֮ɣֻ̫ȣオ֮µˮУ־ˮ־ɵ潵ˮУѣԳΪԲ˶
ͼʾ컯ӳ֮С֮ɣڳ֮󡣶֮ãֽԢڳ֮䡣ߣʹIJٳߣʹIJٸߣ֮Ҳ
Ϊ֮壬Ϊ컯֮áٳֱ£ٸֱϣֱֱ£֮巢֣Բ˶컯Ϣӡ컯ϢҲ 
һ壬ʣ֯Բ˶֮߰˾ʮԲ˶֮ɹҲ
̫䵽ȣオ£ڵ֮ˮУˮ֮󣬾ˮ档棬ľʴľȽµĽǵյĽʼԣ𡣶³ˮȹˮʶˮ̫صȣʱΪ࣬ڵ֮ʣ֮УʳƴڵĽˮľΪС 
ߣһԲ˶ʵ岿֮Ҳͼ壬һˮ϶ľĴ֮ԻУ֮ԻһԲ˶ѡͼУˮľҸɽҲ 
ʣͨ컯Ƿˡɫˮз컯ˮؽᡣ̹Ǽᡣľй컯컯Ƚëױպϡ컯ͬһҲ˶ԲʱȾ˶Բ֮йôȺ̫޺֮Ҳ޲ɴҽѧ޲дȻĿѧԭΩҽңܾ˽֪ż֪ߣ޳׵İ취á
ͼͼ컯Բ˶༴Բ˶༴һϸСԲ˶Բߣ컯Ϊ֮ʣΪ֮䡣 
壬һϸ޲кͼԲ˶Ĵ־Բ˶Ļ۶塣ȫϸһϸһ壬һ˵ĸ壬ԿһϸۣԿһͼۡ 
ʣֲġ˵ϲŭ֣˼ΪѾ߱һϸ֮У컯Բ˶ĴҲԭƪ 
ͼԲ˶һһһһͼԲ˶һһһһһʱһһһ޿ɷ޲һ˵ĸ壬аͼͼԲ˶ΪԲ˶ͼ棬ͼҲ
ͼΪУԲ˶ͼΪƽԲ˶Ȼͼ׵ʮ壬ڵʮǺͼΪԲ˶֮ʼΪʹ˶Բ֮Ҳˣ˶ˣأȷԽ˶
оͼ棬ɶҽ𡣶ҽڿռΪʱﴦڡʱ̫䵽Ƚ֮¶ʢ֮ԡڶˮ֮УС֮ľ֮𡣴˻̫֮ͬصȣɶҶڵ¡ΪһꡣオΪ֮ิǡҲ֮󲿲֮ࡣ󲿲֮Ҳ಻Ҳ
оͼ棬ľתˮҽת϶£¶ϡᣬά֡ľҽԽˮˮҽԽľԳԲ˶Բ˶ߣֲܷԳΪ˶Ҳ
׾ϵ´Ի׼֮ӣ֮ãλӡ 
׼Բ˶׼ҲԲ˶֮ԲԲ˶֮Уһ£ֻҪڴԲ˶޲õɹ֮λġõΣõļͥõᣬм׵Բ˶֮һһ޲һһ޲ӣТ丸ͣš˶Բ˶֮Уغϵ£˹ʢ¡֮֮ѹӣӲТ丸౳αֱ˶ͨӡ֮ԵΪԲһΣԲһΪԵҡͼУͨϣˮ£ľк󣬽ң߼ˣֱ˶컯Ϣ˻Уᣬά֣У飬ʹķ߼˵෴ãΪһͬɵáͼıʾάͬάϵһԲ˶ıʾҲͼ֮Уάһġάһ֮УйĻԴڹ֮ĴԲ˶ԺͼΪҽѧҪߡ˵ĸ壬Բ˶ĴĹҲ
νǵˮϳɵģšҽѧԭǺͼһ˶Ĺϵ̫޽֮ѹȲܽˮСΩľ޴ӲһԲ˶಻ܳɹΩһ֣塣ִɣнȻܲľҲԭƪС 
ͼΪ컯Ĵ֮Դͼ֮ʮУάѧףԻ꣬ʮѧף޴ӡѧף̫ƫ֮ҲǺͼάһģ϶й֮塣й֮Уά֮һģάƫһ̫Ҳ

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ׯӱ
ׯԻ֮֮ҲΪɢΪ 
ԻУС 
Ի֮ 
Ի֮䣬ߺ 
Իһһ 
Ի֮Գڵأ޹ء 
Ի˪ȢŮڷơ 
ۣ֮ҲУ֮СУ֮Ҳ֮У֮ҲߣҲ֮ã벻ѡ֮䣬ڵϣﶬڵ¡룬벻ѣ컯Ҳ֮ϢʼգһԲȦһԲȦһָԲȦԣָԣָԡһУ̫ȣ䵽棬Ҳ˪ڣ²ʵʿɽϡ⣬²飬ʽٽϡԿƣδ֪֪ƣкɡ޷DZ֮ȻԻһСҲ

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ҽھԻ´Ϊ¡֮٣Ϊ䡣´Ϊެ㡭֮١Ϊƽ֮٣ء´Ϊղء֮١ 
Ի徻Ҳص²ϣʲҲӦ¶¡ͨʲʩʩľơ
ߣȥնس¾ɵ괺ʱɵµˮжڵ棬﷢Ҳ˴֮IJҲެߣڵȣʱʢڵ֮ϣެʢʵҲ֮Ҳƽߣʱȶ࣬١ʱѹӣϼȣڵ֮£ƽȾҲ޸٣ʲҲղߣڵ֮ȣ붬Ժ󣬴ȼڵ֮ˮСչ̲йΪ괺֮Ҳ˶޸Ҳˮ֮ܲȣȫ䡣ʱˮصȣɢ֮£޲ص졣֮䣬¶½ڵء徻¶¶Եˮصɵġ½ĽͨͣϢı֡컯ʩ֮ľض˺ھʵ߶֮֮ۡҲھһֱʣкв
ھԻҲʵҲʥ˴ﶬ 
֮ʱˮص֮ϣ֮١컯ΪԻҲﶬ֮ʱ֮ʢȣڵ֮µˮСˮУ㣬ԻʵҲʥ֪£һʳעⱣµʱ֪زںºΣղҲʥ֪ﶬʵ£ϸģʵ£׸㣬ܽˮ֮СһʳעⱣϵʱעⱣϵ㣬زסµ괺ģˣزΣյ²ҲʴԺҩβ²ﶬҩβŶ²໵
Բ˶컯ϵһ룬µһ롣ڵ֮һ롣֮ѩ׷֪꣬ѩ󣬴գѩܷصµѩ󣬵㣬ֹ̼ڽʵض࣬ӿҲ֪ף겻֪ף˵·صʧɵϵĴ޸IJ֪ȱգ̲Ρȥǽ죬Ҳ 
Ϸľˮһգȶǰһգ¶ȼ١ʾˮһ¶ȣ϶ǰһռ١ľˮǰһձȽ϶һգ´֮ǰ¶Ȳ޲ѩ񣬵ˮУ㣬ȲйҲڱס彡סϷƣе벻֮Ҳǰν¼侮ж²Ծ¼䣬٣ʢ֮ʡ
֮󣬾ססʼϷһϷ죬ʡ֮󣬾סϷסʼһƣҡϷﶬղ֮Сﶬղ֮ղشйղСйСղҲй߳ҲٹʽٳƣҲΩ㣬ǿ׳֮ˣԲ˶ȫԾƫߣ֮о㣬֮ˣ޲˸оߡϱ֮ҽҩϱ֮Ҳо컯ĸ壬ڴڵĴﶬɽϷĴģ뱱ﶬһ಻ɽĴģϷﶬһ

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ҽѧӤʬ壬ͨߣΪδͨߣΪδͨߣʣδɺ壬ǽСġơ 
Ӥ壬δͨʣδɺ֮ǰٲáѭ٣ѭá٣áй٣йá֮ͨ󣬺á٣֮áӤɡ 
Ӥ֮󣬱ؾһһɱǿѹ࣬ųɺ֮ʱѹ࣬ͨȫ뱾٣תת롣תѣѡֱ꾡ʱתˣȻ˴֤֮Ҳ˵ʼһһν
˵ǴһϢ˴ò֮֮ˣÿ棬꣬䶯֮ʱвʵĸо򲡼أҾ֮ʱνߣǶ˴Ҳ䶯ߣԲ˶ͨҲ˵ĸ壬Բ˶Ĵɵģġ˶ʧ֮Ӱ֮岻ҲŮڴ䶯ʣνΪ
ʱ֮𡣹ҽηʱ֮졣˵컯ĴԭһʱĴ֮ͬIJʱ֮ͬҲѧ𷨾ȴǿ˵ĺ١ࡣ࣬߶࣬ڵԲ˶ܼ٣ȴǿǻۡ
ҽȫ˶ΪѨԻ̫Ԩν̫ԨΪ֮ᡣڷѨ֪ȫǺãεĺ֮ʣҽԻγҲǴĿѧ֤ҽ϶֪ȫĿѧ֤Ҳ

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ֲѧνһĸ壬еܣɸܣɸˮ֣֦Ҷɸ֦Ҷ֣롣ڸ֮ŤɸܵˮֲֵӣڣѾѿδ֮ʱѿһֱģɵѿһֱģ౧ת绷Ρơ
֮ʣΪ컯ġڴ˽㡣ӣĴԷѿתӣŲɴת౧֮ΡԲ˶컯󡣼컯֮Ҳ֮˻֮״̬ˮɸ½ˮˮҲֻҲˮ½컯Բ˶˭֮ 
һ֮塣ˮ֮󣬻ˮ֮¡ȻתУˮҲνᣬάֲ֡˶˶컯˶
컯һĴȻղصĺ깦걸ĪԼĪֲֲᆳҶߣ֮½Ҳ´ߣ֮ض³Ҳѿߣ֮йҲĶïʢߣͨϸҲһԲ˶컯壬ϵһ룬µһ룬ֲӡһڵأһ컯ĵλҲ 
ֲѧν̫ĹȣֲҶơ 
Ҷĺ֮ս̫䵽ȣնڵ£֮أֽµȲˮСݷľѿɫɫ̫֮Ҳ׾ԣԺͺ۳ʵĹϵҲ̫յֲȣĹϵҲ
ԣΪһ֮ʼ컯ԣ^Ϊһ֮ʼ^粻̫ȣնڵ֮£ľ޷ɫ֮Ҳ
컯Բ˶ĸ壬һ룬һ롣ΪΪʼ컯֮ȣϵһ룬Ϊµһ֮ȳ컯֮󣬵һ룬Ϊһ֮ҴӴ»Ϊ䱾컯ߣҲ
ڽ֮ʵ㡣ڽ֮ƣϵ֮¡ϲ¡µ֮ϡ²ϡ컯壬ʵ顣ʵ顣Ϊ컯֮ิǡ 
Сӣҽú֮ҩΪ߶ҩ˺飬ּ˺컯壬һһ룬Բ˶Ŀѧ֤Ҳ 

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ѧ̿е֮ԣϸġ֮̿ԣ³ġ֮ԣġ֮ԣ½ġԼȼաˮȼաΩľࡣпء̿˴ѹѹơ 
ϸԼȼգҲˮȼգΩľ࣬ľҲľߣˮ֮Ҳ½пأҲ̿³ˮ̿Ҳͼ컯Բ˶֮вУѧ⵪̿˼ӡ 
˴˴Բ˶ʱҲѧ˻鲻˶ĴҲͼߣʾԲ˶ĴʾԷ˶ĴʾԷ˶ĴʾԲ˶ĴеĿѧ֤Ҳ

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ѧ鶯ʬ壬Ѱ֮ڣ⵪̿ȶʡԭ࣬ΩռΪšڶ֮УʵΪơ
֮оdz֪Զ׼֮¡һ壬⵪̿ȶʡ壬Ի⵪̿⵪̿ԻɶʣǼ֪֮¡֪Բ˶֪Ҳ 
֮Уԭ⵪̿Ƕʣ˺˶֪е⵪̿Բ˶к͵ġкߣ⵪̿˴ںϣ˴˻ͼҲе⵪̿кͣʹΪĸĸأΪġʱԲ˶ģʱDzԲ˶ġԲ˶ʱк͵ģ˶ʱк͵ġкͣɶʡ 
壬ǶɵġΪʣֻΪߣԲ˶ѡ⵪̿ȶʣΪš޵ڣ⵪̿˵ڵȻ⵪̿ڼ⵪̿ڵȻУ˼ӡ
ʡҽȡ⵪̿кͣҽȡľˮҽȡУʷΪһҽ޴õĹϵ˼壬⵪̿ãľˮܱ⵪̿к̸ҽ̸úϴδ̫ˡ⵪̿к֤ҽУӡеĿѧ֤Ҳԭƪŷƪ

ʽѧ֤
ʽѧν񾭽ڣͨθơ 
컯ڵ֮ʣϸںˣ֮䣬֮䣬θҲ 
Բ˶ѧܵġθΪĹܣΪʹʳθʳѪֲ࣬ѴȫĶθθߣ֮λҲθཡǿǿθ绵԰ܡθ֮ҩθѴࡣǸ񾭽ͨθУθѴΪҲ
ʽѧν񾭽ͨθУθ֮ԭиԭӡͼһ֮Уʵ֮ԭһҲ 
ѧν˵ѪҺһСʱٰʮӢ֮٣ĪԲ˶Բ˶ҽѧᣬά֡Ǹ񾭽ͨθУ˶ѸˡҽѧᣬάֵĿѧ֤Ҳ 

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ϸѧνһϸĤ״кˡһΪΪģΪϸϸ϶˵ĸ塣ϸ˶Ĺһϸ죬һϸг롣һкˣһ޺ˡ޺˵һ룬к˵һ룬˵˶ܻظһϸϸ⵪̿ơ
˶ϸԲ˶ĹҽѧֻһϸϸĤߣάҲ״ߣอҲϸߣҲ
һϸΪ룬޺˵һ룬ߣҲк˵һ룬ܻظһϸߣ˶άҲһϸΪߣ˶ϸҲϸ϶˵ĸߣֲҲϸ˶ĹһϸߣһͼϸһͼҲһ컯ĵλֻһͼֻһϸ
⵪̿Բ˶ڵʡϸ⵪̿ɵģ֪ϸԲ˶Ĵɵġѧܵüϸ⵪̿ܵüϸ⵪̿к͡⵪̿кͣϸҲѧ޷üϸֻѧзüϸ⵪̿ʶ˶άĿѧ֤Ҳ

Ӫѧ֤
Ӫѧν÷ʳɷݣ˹жʵ顣Ȼʳͬ÷ţ鵰֬޻࣬ţijɷΪϡ֫ͷ״̬ȵͷ󣬷Ϊ顣֮⣬Ӷţڼ飬鲻ӣȽϸ鷢״̬ռ˥鷢ȫʮ֮󣬼ͬţ飬鲻ӡ෴齥˥ѸٵĻظءȻʳڣһӪϲȱĻơ
Բ˶ĴȻԲ˶ȻԲ˶ȻԲ˶νҲȻԲһɲԲȳɲԲԪ෴ԲʻѧϡԹҽѧһԲ˶Բ˶Ŀѧ֤Ҳ

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ѧνΧգǼѹ֮£ɿʣֳơ
ΪܳɿʣҲԴĽѹǼ伫ģΪܳ档ѹĵ棬̫Ĺȡ˹䵽棬͵ġ½ѹɢɢķΧڣһ档ɢСǶǰǰ󡣴ĴСѭеѹѭѹѭɵ֮ѹɵѹȥѹ³ȣ򺮡ϼΪӡϼΪȣѺӡӵ׵Ŀ󹤣Ŷ£¡֮£ĺ֮ʡ
ѧʮֺˮںʿʡǰʮֺˮʿơ˴еĽ֮ݡѹϴ󣬽뺣ˮ߽϶Ҳ
Ӿνˮ¶ȣǰߡѹʵҲ
ѧνɵǧΪĶ㣬ϣΪͬ²㡣νǧڣΪ²㡣ǧ⣬Ϊж²ơ㣬Բ˶ϷҲ²㣬Բ˶·Ҳ֮ʣΪԲ˶ġֲѿת౧ĻҲ
˵ν壬ڵ߽ϳڵ߽϶̡Ϊ֮ʷԲ˶ġ֪յģʵġףѡµĴ˶϶٣ƽ粻ƽӷѿתĻκ
ԶϡŨ컯棬ڴŨ֮Ũ񡣶޶²Ͻ֮ࡣ컯Բ˶ֲģڵ֮Ҳ
̽ռνͬ²㣬һ±Ƚϣ¾Զһ¾ѹӶԶҲԶм䣬׾컯Բ˶ķΧɣнĵĿѧ֤Բ˶·ΧĿѧ֤Ҳ

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ѧνȡһص顣ЩУʮԪءЩΩ˴˴ͬͬһصȡ֮ʱͬȡõ಻ͬơһԼض塣
䲻ͬߣԲ˶ʱ䲻ͬԲ˶ͬɵ಻ͬҲЩ֮ԪߣΪ֮ڡ֮ڣ֮Ҳ
ֺˡһճһΣһֻܹһΡջʱһıֻһεĶ߰˱һģɣϵ׽ȥµˮ֮ʣ˴֮õĶ࣬࣬ջࡣֻһεģѹ̣Ѹ٣ɵ٣ջҲ罫һûѧ飬ֹʮԪأδ֪컯ʱʱͬ˵ز˵ʹͬҲ
˾ס¥סƽؽסˮŶгסҰؽһԲ˶ĽһԲ˶ԶҲһ٣һҲ磬ûˮȻκζУ䶾컯֮к֮ͣҲڵ֮ʵеĿѧ֤Ҳ

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ߵѧνߵ֮˴еĵ粨ߵͨУӦáɸӦ񶯣ߵ֮ͨߣȦ֮󣬷ܷӦáȦϵֱߣ㲻ܷӦáԭ棬յʼƽԭ֮ijִ֮ɽյʼơ
dz컯֮ġ壬ϵһ룬µһ롣֮䣬ڣ罻ϵýܡԲ˶ΪĹߵ֮ͨߣԲȦߵ߱һĴԲ˶һߵԲȦһԲ˶Բ˶ĸ࣬ӵ࣬ӵýܶࡣԸӦҲ
ͨˮʽͨѸ١ˮ֮ʣΪ֮ϵ֮ض࣬յʼ󡣵ԭˮʽƽԭض࣬ƽԭض࣬յϴƽԭˮ٣յ١ɹɳĮˮ֮ءյʱؽϸ١ɳĮ̴٣ȱҲ֮أˮŶ֮١שӣֽԭеԲ˶谭֮٣յʸ١ɽҵʯʣˮʣյ١ڽгסˣ岻׳żνҰҲҽԺˮŶأס¥ 
ӡѧߣŵβ䷨ķǦߣһϵڵһ˲ˮƿٹ緢ˮƿˮ˵绪ˮξʹ˥ԻеˮʹߣԲ˶ͨҲ˥ߣɵҲеˮԲ˶֮Чˮˮþˮˮ
ѧνĴܽܽصࡢ١ܣԲ˶½صĴҲν½Увȫ֪ľ̫ȣˮףˮˮ֮ơˮ㿴²ˮϲ˺֮ͼҲ 
ǰ磬Ӣ԰԰Ӣ԰˼٣԰˼ࡣӢĶˮŶ档ĵϷϸʯӣʱʱˮϵĴܣࡣ˺䣬پˬҲĿѧ֤Ҳ

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ѧƣ֮䣬ֻƽơ
ееƽͼ֮ˮҲͼ֮Ҳͼ֮ľҲͼ֮Ҳ
áйããصãͨãƽ˻á˻ߣ˶ά϶ƽҲ̫ȣ䵽ĵ棬˶ɡΩͼܱ֮Ҳ
ͼѧϵɵ֮ϣ֮¡ϵɵ֮£֮ϡϵɵ֮£֮ϡϵɵ֮ϣ֮¡ƽϵԲ˶ڵ֮Сǽƽ仯˺ͼԲ˶Ҳ
ѧƣѣ컯ĴĽϣĸ壬ϸߣ֮ýܣν̫ҲҽѧνΪ졣Ϊ졣ѣѡ˹ҽѧ첢֮Բ˶Ҳ˺ͼ컯Բ˶Բ˶Ŀѧ֤Ҳ 

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ţٷֱߵġ˹ֱ̹ߡνһơͼԲ˶Ҳ
˹̹ۣν͵ųʵһֻһֹɣ֧ơͼԲ˶ȫĹҲ
ѧνԭʱ仯ΪԭơͼԲ˶ԭҲ
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ѧҽѧߣԭϵͳ֤ʵ֮νʽ֮νʽѧǷģƬεģֱ˶ģġĹҽѧDzܷģģԲ˶ŵģǻġ˴ʳ෴ʽѧҽҽңδδߡ
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